Public Choices and Decision-making Processes: A Case Study on Sustainable Mobility

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Abstract

The definition of a decision process, which implies the capacity to implement and realize an action involvingall the actors interested, is crucial not only for taking adequate political decisions but even mainly for gettinga democratic control of the decisions themselves.From a strategic planning point of view, decision process on public issues should be essentially considered asa process of participation, which involves political decision-makers as well as all the administrativeorganizations which have to realize the decisions taken and citizens and more generally all the stakeholderswho will be impacted in a positive or negative way by such decisions. If this is the case, important issuesarise: which is the methodology that should be followed to assess all the alternative solutions to adopt? Howare analyzed the effects and the impacts of political decisions? How are evaluated the consequences of a setof actions?To answer to all these questions, Decision Support Systems (DSSs) have been developed. They includemeasurement tools such as cost-benefit analysis as well as relational methods of “rational analysis” such asmulticriteria analysis. DSSs’ allow decision makers to implement the best choices and decisions with the aimof reaching a Pareto improvement for the territory considered. Though these tools may be implemented toany socio-political decisions, in these last years the democratic and, therefore, political pressure has led toadopt DSSs’ mainly for two specific themes: the environment and the sustainable mobility.Moreover, in the agenda of European institutions and local and national administrative governments,sustainable mobility is become a high priority. In this framework, the methodology1 proposed combines twodifferent approaches. On the one hand, the “classic” or top-down approach based on statistical data analysisis considered where the main target is the definition of some synthetic indicators, while on the other hand,the bottom-up approach is adopted, which is based on the Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA)framework and on citizens’ participation. This decision process as defined, should be followed forimplementing specific and appropriate solutions at local level and for taking into consideration thepeculiarities of the territory considered. Finally, a case-study regarding the ex-13th District of theMunicipality of Rome is presented.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine11
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

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