Pseudomonas corrugata is a phytopathogenic bacterium, causal agent of tomato pith necrosis, yet it is an ubiquitous bacterium that is part of the microbial community in the soil and in the rhizosphere of different plant species. Although it is a very heterogeneous species, all the strains tested were able to produce short chain acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) quorum sensing signal molecules. The main AHL produced was N-hexanoyl-l-homoserine lactone (C6-AHL). An AHL quorum sensing system, designated PcoI/PcoR, was identified and characterized. The role of the quorum sensing system in the expression of a variety of traits was evaluated. Inactivation of pcoI abolished the production of AHLs. The pcoR mutant, but not the pcoI mutant, was impaired in swarming, unable to cause a hypersensitivity response on tobacco and resulted in a reduced tomato pith necrosis phenotype. The pcoI mutant showed a reduced antimicrobial activity against various fungi and bacteria when assayed on King's B medium. These results demonstrate that the AHL quorum sensing in Ps. corrugata regulates traits that contribute to virulence, antimicrobial activity and fitness. This is the first report of genes of Ps. corrugata involved in the disease development and biological control activity. Â© 2007 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.
|Numero di pagine||13|
|Rivista||FEMS Microbiology Ecology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2007|
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