Historically fires have been the main reasons of destroying of many Italian Style theatres. However, recently uneducated and detrimental works of conservation, restoration and adaptation to fire protection regulations have distorted in many cases the architectonic and constructive characteristic elements. As for every historic building, in theatres, where the ephemeral connotes many parts of the construction, we must guarantee the “primary safety”, the human lives safeguard, as well as “secondary” one, the protection of the edifice and its intrinsic value. The process of achieving suitable levels of performance and safety, while maintaining the historical fabric, can pose many challenges for regulators, designers and contractors. In this paper, firstly we are trying to review the evolution of fire safety in historical theatres, the reasons of fire, the solutions and the equipment implementation done to lower such a risk. Today, as in the past, the attainment of a suitable fireproof safety level needs to take in mind different aspects into account. These problems include the combustible materials presence (wooden historical structure particularly, as well as new ones, characteristic of this typology of theatre building), to enhance the resistance to fire, the existing fire system implementation as well as a fast emergency services access and the guidelines to a better design of fire system in a historical theatre, all of this to guarantee safety suitable levels and conservation of the most fragile parts of these architectures. At the end, we are analysing some possible and compatible solutions to prevent the release and propagation of fire in historical theatres: the first principal lead to protocols and comprehensive standards for air conditioning system and electrical equipment, the second principal introduces the innovative designs of new or existent wooden structures to reduce the speed of fire propagation.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|