Protein supplementation in strength and conditioning adepts: knowledge, dietary behavior and practice in Palermo, Italy.

Antonio Palma, Caterina Mammina, Marianna Bellafiore, Antonino Bianco, Giuseppe Battaglia, Monèm Jemni, Antonio Palma, Antonio Paoli, Giovanni Caramazza, Giuseppe Battaglia

Risultato della ricerca: Article

33 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is known that supplement use is a widespread and accepted practice by athletes and people who attend commercial gyms. Little is known about protein supplement amongst people undertaking strength training in commercial gyms in Italy when compared to the US. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of protein supplementation, alone or in association with other supplements, and dietary behavior amongst regular fitness center attendees in Palermo, Italy. DESIGN: Resistance training information have been collected from 800 regular fitness center attendees for the initial analysis. A specific questionnaire was generated for the experimentation. Data were collected using a face-to-face interview method. Supplement users were then compared to the non users and analyzed using a one-way ANOVA, Kruskall-Wallis, chi-square test or exact test of Fisher when appropriate. RESULTS: 30.1% of the respondents use dietary supplements during their training as a believe it is the "way to gain muscles and strength". Whey protein shakes (50.0%) mixed with creatine and amino-acids (48.3%) were the most frequent choices amongst the users. A majority of the subjects (34.0%) appeared to rely on their gym instructors' advice for their intake; a lower proportion (13.0%) consulted physicians, while none of them consulted nutritionists. A high consumption of milk has been noticed in both users (67,7%) and non-users (52,8%); supplement non-users consumed significantly more snacks and bakery products than users per week (P < 0.001), while users consumed significantly more protein-rich foods (P < 0.01) with a particular preference for meat (48.0%). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable number of regular strength training adepts consume protein supplements mixed with other products (mainly creatine and amino-acids). Limited numbers consult "dietary specialists" and rely mainly on their instructors. We emphasize on the importance of the dissemination of scientifically based information about supplementation in this environment and the promotion of updated educational programs for the instructors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-6
Numero di pagine7
RivistaJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Volume8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2011

Fingerprint

strength training
protein supplements
conditioned behavior
teachers
eating habits
Italy
Resistance Training
creatine
Fitness Centers
Creatine
Dietary Supplements
Proteins
amino acids
baked goods
milk consumption
athletes
nutritionists
snacks
whey protein
education programs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cita questo

@article{9665628271ba45069f29160681b54322,
title = "Protein supplementation in strength and conditioning adepts: knowledge, dietary behavior and practice in Palermo, Italy.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: It is known that supplement use is a widespread and accepted practice by athletes and people who attend commercial gyms. Little is known about protein supplement amongst people undertaking strength training in commercial gyms in Italy when compared to the US. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of protein supplementation, alone or in association with other supplements, and dietary behavior amongst regular fitness center attendees in Palermo, Italy. DESIGN: Resistance training information have been collected from 800 regular fitness center attendees for the initial analysis. A specific questionnaire was generated for the experimentation. Data were collected using a face-to-face interview method. Supplement users were then compared to the non users and analyzed using a one-way ANOVA, Kruskall-Wallis, chi-square test or exact test of Fisher when appropriate. RESULTS: 30.1{\%} of the respondents use dietary supplements during their training as a believe it is the {"}way to gain muscles and strength{"}. Whey protein shakes (50.0{\%}) mixed with creatine and amino-acids (48.3{\%}) were the most frequent choices amongst the users. A majority of the subjects (34.0{\%}) appeared to rely on their gym instructors' advice for their intake; a lower proportion (13.0{\%}) consulted physicians, while none of them consulted nutritionists. A high consumption of milk has been noticed in both users (67,7{\%}) and non-users (52,8{\%}); supplement non-users consumed significantly more snacks and bakery products than users per week (P < 0.001), while users consumed significantly more protein-rich foods (P < 0.01) with a particular preference for meat (48.0{\%}). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable number of regular strength training adepts consume protein supplements mixed with other products (mainly creatine and amino-acids). Limited numbers consult {"}dietary specialists{"} and rely mainly on their instructors. We emphasize on the importance of the dissemination of scientifically based information about supplementation in this environment and the promotion of updated educational programs for the instructors.",
keywords = "Protein Supplement, Commercial Gyms",
author = "Antonio Palma and Caterina Mammina and Marianna Bellafiore and Antonino Bianco and Giuseppe Battaglia and Mon{\`e}m Jemni and Antonio Palma and Antonio Paoli and Giovanni Caramazza and Giuseppe Battaglia",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--6",
journal = "Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition",
issn = "1550-2783",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protein supplementation in strength and conditioning adepts: knowledge, dietary behavior and practice in Palermo, Italy.

AU - Palma, Antonio

AU - Mammina, Caterina

AU - Bellafiore, Marianna

AU - Bianco, Antonino

AU - Battaglia, Giuseppe

AU - Jemni, Monèm

AU - Palma, Antonio

AU - Paoli, Antonio

AU - Caramazza, Giovanni

AU - Battaglia, Giuseppe

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - BACKGROUND: It is known that supplement use is a widespread and accepted practice by athletes and people who attend commercial gyms. Little is known about protein supplement amongst people undertaking strength training in commercial gyms in Italy when compared to the US. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of protein supplementation, alone or in association with other supplements, and dietary behavior amongst regular fitness center attendees in Palermo, Italy. DESIGN: Resistance training information have been collected from 800 regular fitness center attendees for the initial analysis. A specific questionnaire was generated for the experimentation. Data were collected using a face-to-face interview method. Supplement users were then compared to the non users and analyzed using a one-way ANOVA, Kruskall-Wallis, chi-square test or exact test of Fisher when appropriate. RESULTS: 30.1% of the respondents use dietary supplements during their training as a believe it is the "way to gain muscles and strength". Whey protein shakes (50.0%) mixed with creatine and amino-acids (48.3%) were the most frequent choices amongst the users. A majority of the subjects (34.0%) appeared to rely on their gym instructors' advice for their intake; a lower proportion (13.0%) consulted physicians, while none of them consulted nutritionists. A high consumption of milk has been noticed in both users (67,7%) and non-users (52,8%); supplement non-users consumed significantly more snacks and bakery products than users per week (P < 0.001), while users consumed significantly more protein-rich foods (P < 0.01) with a particular preference for meat (48.0%). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable number of regular strength training adepts consume protein supplements mixed with other products (mainly creatine and amino-acids). Limited numbers consult "dietary specialists" and rely mainly on their instructors. We emphasize on the importance of the dissemination of scientifically based information about supplementation in this environment and the promotion of updated educational programs for the instructors.

AB - BACKGROUND: It is known that supplement use is a widespread and accepted practice by athletes and people who attend commercial gyms. Little is known about protein supplement amongst people undertaking strength training in commercial gyms in Italy when compared to the US. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of protein supplementation, alone or in association with other supplements, and dietary behavior amongst regular fitness center attendees in Palermo, Italy. DESIGN: Resistance training information have been collected from 800 regular fitness center attendees for the initial analysis. A specific questionnaire was generated for the experimentation. Data were collected using a face-to-face interview method. Supplement users were then compared to the non users and analyzed using a one-way ANOVA, Kruskall-Wallis, chi-square test or exact test of Fisher when appropriate. RESULTS: 30.1% of the respondents use dietary supplements during their training as a believe it is the "way to gain muscles and strength". Whey protein shakes (50.0%) mixed with creatine and amino-acids (48.3%) were the most frequent choices amongst the users. A majority of the subjects (34.0%) appeared to rely on their gym instructors' advice for their intake; a lower proportion (13.0%) consulted physicians, while none of them consulted nutritionists. A high consumption of milk has been noticed in both users (67,7%) and non-users (52,8%); supplement non-users consumed significantly more snacks and bakery products than users per week (P < 0.001), while users consumed significantly more protein-rich foods (P < 0.01) with a particular preference for meat (48.0%). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable number of regular strength training adepts consume protein supplements mixed with other products (mainly creatine and amino-acids). Limited numbers consult "dietary specialists" and rely mainly on their instructors. We emphasize on the importance of the dissemination of scientifically based information about supplementation in this environment and the promotion of updated educational programs for the instructors.

KW - Protein Supplement, Commercial Gyms

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/63484

UR - http://www.jissn.com/content/8/1/25#

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 6

JO - Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

JF - Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition

SN - 1550-2783

ER -