Protecting sensitive patient groups from imaging using ionizing radiation: effects during pregnancy, in fetal life and childhood

Sergio Salerno, Claudio Granata, Vittorio Cannatà, Alessandra Bartoloni, Owen J. Arthurs, Andrea Magistrelli, Paolo Tomà

Risultato della ricerca: Article

1 Citazione (Scopus)

Abstract

The frequency of imaging examinations requiring radiation exposure in children (especially CT) is rapidly increasing. This paper reviews the current evidence in radiation protection in pediatric imaging, focusing on the recent knowledge of the biological risk related to low doses exposure. Even if there are no strictly defined limits for patient radiation exposure, it is recommended to try to keep doses as low as reasonably achievable (the ALARA principle). To achieve ALARA, several techniques to reduce the radiation dose in radiation-sensitive patients groups are reviewed. The most recent recommendations that provide guidance regarding imaging of pregnant women are also summarized, and the risk depending on dose and phase of pregnancy is reported. Finally, the risk-benefit analysis of each examination, and careful communication of this risk to the patient, is emphasized.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine9
RivistaLA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

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Radiation Effects
Ionizing Radiation
Pregnancy
Radiation
Radiation Protection
Pregnant Women
Communication
Pediatrics
Radiation Exposure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cita questo

Protecting sensitive patient groups from imaging using ionizing radiation: effects during pregnancy, in fetal life and childhood. / Salerno, Sergio; Granata, Claudio; Cannatà, Vittorio; Bartoloni, Alessandra; Arthurs, Owen J.; Magistrelli, Andrea; Tomà, Paolo.

In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA, 2019.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Salerno, Sergio ; Granata, Claudio ; Cannatà, Vittorio ; Bartoloni, Alessandra ; Arthurs, Owen J. ; Magistrelli, Andrea ; Tomà, Paolo. / Protecting sensitive patient groups from imaging using ionizing radiation: effects during pregnancy, in fetal life and childhood. In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. 2019.
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abstract = "The frequency of imaging examinations requiring radiation exposure in children (especially CT) is rapidly increasing. This paper reviews the current evidence in radiation protection in pediatric imaging, focusing on the recent knowledge of the biological risk related to low doses exposure. Even if there are no strictly defined limits for patient radiation exposure, it is recommended to try to keep doses as low as reasonably achievable (the ALARA principle). To achieve ALARA, several techniques to reduce the radiation dose in radiation-sensitive patients groups are reviewed. The most recent recommendations that provide guidance regarding imaging of pregnant women are also summarized, and the risk depending on dose and phase of pregnancy is reported. Finally, the risk-benefit analysis of each examination, and careful communication of this risk to the patient, is emphasized.",
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AU - Granata, Claudio

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AU - Bartoloni, Alessandra

AU - Arthurs, Owen J.

AU - Magistrelli, Andrea

AU - Tomà, Paolo

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AB - The frequency of imaging examinations requiring radiation exposure in children (especially CT) is rapidly increasing. This paper reviews the current evidence in radiation protection in pediatric imaging, focusing on the recent knowledge of the biological risk related to low doses exposure. Even if there are no strictly defined limits for patient radiation exposure, it is recommended to try to keep doses as low as reasonably achievable (the ALARA principle). To achieve ALARA, several techniques to reduce the radiation dose in radiation-sensitive patients groups are reviewed. The most recent recommendations that provide guidance regarding imaging of pregnant women are also summarized, and the risk depending on dose and phase of pregnancy is reported. Finally, the risk-benefit analysis of each examination, and careful communication of this risk to the patient, is emphasized.

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KW - Computed tomography

KW - Pediatric radiology

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Radiation protection

KW - Radiation-induced cancer

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