Promoter activity of the sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) nucleosomal H3 and H2A and linker H1 a-histone genes is modulated by enhancer and chromatin insulator

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Abstract

Core promoters and chromatin insulators are key regulatory elements that may direct a transcriptional enhancer to prefer a specific promoter in complex genetic loci. Enhancer and insulator flank the sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) a-histone H2A transcription unit in a tandem repeated cluster containing the five histone genes. This article deals with the specificity of interaction between the H2A enhancer-bound MBF-1 activator and histone gene promoters, and with the mechanism that leads the H1 transcripts to peak at about one-third of thevalue for nucleosomal H3 and H2A mRNAs. To this end, in vivo competition assays of enhancer and insulator functions were performed. Our evidence suggests that the MBF-1 transcription factor participates also in the expression of the H3 gene and that the sns5 insulator buffers the downstream H1 promoter from the H2A enhancer. Altogether, these results provide a clear demonstration of the enhancer-blocking function of a chromatin insulatorin a natural gene context. In addition, they suggest that both the H2A enhancer and the sns5 insulator may account for the diverse accumulation of the linker H1 versus the core nucleosomal histones during early development of the sea urchin embryo.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)7407-7415
Numero di pagine9
RivistaNucleic Acids Research
Volume37
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

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