Mutations in the Ki-ras and TP53 genes are the most frequently observed genetic alterations in colorectal cancer (CRC). Ki-ras mutations are mostly found in codons 12 and 13, and less in codon 61. The majority of the TP53 mutations occur in the core domain which contains the sequence-specific DNA binding activity of the protein, and they results in loss of DNA binding. Few centres have sufficient patients to collect detailed information in the large numbers required to determine the impact of individual ki-ras and TP53 genotypes on outcome. Moreover, it has been reported that specific genetic alterations, and not any mutation, might play a different biological role in cancer progression. For these principal reasons, two collaborative studies have been conducted (the RASCAL and the TP53-CRC Collaborative Studies) with the aim of investigating the prognostic role of any, and specific, Ki-ras and TP53 mutations in CRC progression. The results obtained from the RASCAL studies suggest that Ki-ras mutations might have an effect on the survival rate of CRC patients, and that the specific codon 12 glycine/valine mutation might play a role in the progression of this neoplasia. The results of the TP53-CRC International Collaborative Study demonstrate the importance of primary tumor site when analyzing the prognostic value of TP53 mutations in CRC. In addition, different types of TP53 mutation might play a pivotal role in determining the biological behavior of CRC from different sites and hence the prognosis of patients. This meta-analysis produced evidence for interesting tumor site differences in the predictive value of TP53 mutation for survival benefit from 5FU chemotherapy.
|Rivista||Annals of Oncology|
|Volume||16 suppl 4|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes