Prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use at the University Hospital "Paolo Giaccone", Palermo, Italy

Maria Valeria Torregrossa, Natale D'Alessandro, Caterina Mammina, Isabella Sinatra, Leonarda Carubia, Luigi Aprea, Valentina Marchese

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Abstract

Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial resistance are well known major public health threats. The first goal of our study was to describe the prevalence of HAI, while the second goal was to describe the antibiotic consumption at our University Hospital, "P. Giaccone" in Palermo, Italy.A standardized methodology for a combined Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) on healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospital developed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) was piloted across Europe. The teaching Hospital "P. Giaccone" in Palermo, Italy, participated in the study.Out of 328 surveyed patients, 12 (3.6%) had an HAI and 159 (48.5%) were receiving at least one antimicrobial agent. Prevalence results were highest in intensive care units, with 17.6% patients with HAI. Bloodstream infections represented the most common type (50%) of HAI. Surgical prophylaxis was the indication for antimicrobial prescribing in 59 (37.1%) out of 159 patients and exceeded 24 hours in 54 (91.5%) cases.The results suggest that in our hospital there was a frequent and inappropriate use of antimicrobials, especially in the setting of surgical prophylaxis
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)200-204
Numero di pagine5
RivistaJournal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
Volume54
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

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Cross Infection
Italy
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Anti-Infective Agents
Teaching Hospitals
Intensive Care Units
Surveys and Questionnaires
Public Health
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cita questo

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title = "Prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use at the University Hospital {"}Paolo Giaccone{"}, Palermo, Italy",
abstract = "Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial resistance are well known major public health threats. The first goal of our study was to describe the prevalence of HAI, while the second goal was to describe the antibiotic consumption at our University Hospital, {"}P. Giaccone{"} in Palermo, Italy.A standardized methodology for a combined Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) on healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospital developed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) was piloted across Europe. The teaching Hospital {"}P. Giaccone{"} in Palermo, Italy, participated in the study.Out of 328 surveyed patients, 12 (3.6{\%}) had an HAI and 159 (48.5{\%}) were receiving at least one antimicrobial agent. Prevalence results were highest in intensive care units, with 17.6{\%} patients with HAI. Bloodstream infections represented the most common type (50{\%}) of HAI. Surgical prophylaxis was the indication for antimicrobial prescribing in 59 (37.1{\%}) out of 159 patients and exceeded 24 hours in 54 (91.5{\%}) cases.The results suggest that in our hospital there was a frequent and inappropriate use of antimicrobials, especially in the setting of surgical prophylaxis",
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T1 - Prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use at the University Hospital "Paolo Giaccone", Palermo, Italy

AU - Torregrossa, Maria Valeria

AU - D'Alessandro, Natale

AU - Mammina, Caterina

AU - Sinatra, Isabella

AU - Carubia, Leonarda

AU - Aprea, Luigi

AU - Marchese, Valentina

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial resistance are well known major public health threats. The first goal of our study was to describe the prevalence of HAI, while the second goal was to describe the antibiotic consumption at our University Hospital, "P. Giaccone" in Palermo, Italy.A standardized methodology for a combined Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) on healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospital developed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) was piloted across Europe. The teaching Hospital "P. Giaccone" in Palermo, Italy, participated in the study.Out of 328 surveyed patients, 12 (3.6%) had an HAI and 159 (48.5%) were receiving at least one antimicrobial agent. Prevalence results were highest in intensive care units, with 17.6% patients with HAI. Bloodstream infections represented the most common type (50%) of HAI. Surgical prophylaxis was the indication for antimicrobial prescribing in 59 (37.1%) out of 159 patients and exceeded 24 hours in 54 (91.5%) cases.The results suggest that in our hospital there was a frequent and inappropriate use of antimicrobials, especially in the setting of surgical prophylaxis

AB - Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial resistance are well known major public health threats. The first goal of our study was to describe the prevalence of HAI, while the second goal was to describe the antibiotic consumption at our University Hospital, "P. Giaccone" in Palermo, Italy.A standardized methodology for a combined Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) on healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use in European acute care hospital developed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) was piloted across Europe. The teaching Hospital "P. Giaccone" in Palermo, Italy, participated in the study.Out of 328 surveyed patients, 12 (3.6%) had an HAI and 159 (48.5%) were receiving at least one antimicrobial agent. Prevalence results were highest in intensive care units, with 17.6% patients with HAI. Bloodstream infections represented the most common type (50%) of HAI. Surgical prophylaxis was the indication for antimicrobial prescribing in 59 (37.1%) out of 159 patients and exceeded 24 hours in 54 (91.5%) cases.The results suggest that in our hospital there was a frequent and inappropriate use of antimicrobials, especially in the setting of surgical prophylaxis

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/105989

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 200

EP - 204

JO - Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene

JF - Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene

SN - 1121-2233

ER -