Prevalence of cervical human papillomavirus infection and types among women immigrated to Sicily, Italy.

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Abstract

We determined the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) cervical infection and HPV genotypes among 115 women immigrating to Sicily (Italy), with regard to abnormal cytology and socio-behavioral characteristics in a cross-sectional, observational study. Information was collected with the help of cultural mediators/translators. HPV-DNA was assayed by the INNOLiPA HPV assay and a nested PCR/sequencing method. Sixty (52.2%) women came from sub-Saharan Africa and 55 (47.8%) from Eastern Europe. HPV infection was found in 55 (47.8%) women. The most frequent types were the oncogenic types HPV-16 (7.8%), HPV-18 and 51 (6.0% each), HPV-52 (5.2%), 31, 53, and 68 (4.3% each). Twenty-seven (23.5%) women had cytological abnormalities associated with HPV infection (p=0.04). Being single (OR = 2.98; 95%CI: 1.30-6.84) and parity (OR = 0.29; 95%CI: 0.12-0.65) were consistent predictors of HPV infection. Only 21 (18.2%) women returned to collect the results of their Pap and HPV tests. The high prevalence of HPV infection and oncogenic types among immigrant women make them a priority group for cervical cancer screening. Linguistically and culturally appropriate prevention efforts are needed to sensitize immigrant women regarding HPV-related issues and to conduct vaccine strategies for cervical cancer prevention.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)737-742
Numero di pagine6
RivistaActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume88
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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