Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Diabetes in Takotsubo Syndrome: Insights From the International, Multicenter GEIST Registry

Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE In view of low prevalence rates, diabetes is discussed as a protective factor for the occurrence of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS). Furthermore, it was associated with improved outcome in a small single-center analysis. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence and prognostic relevance of concomitant diabetes in TTS. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Atotal of 826 patients with TTSwere enrolled in an international,multicenter, registrybased study (eight centers in Italy and Germany). All-cause mortality was compared between patients with diabetes and patients without diabetes, and the independent predictive value of diabetes was evaluated in multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1% (n = 174). TTS patients with diabetes were older (P < 0.001), were more frequentlymale (P = 0.003), had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P < 0.001), physical triggers (P = 0.041), and typical apical ballooning (P = 0.010), had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (P = 0.008), had a higher rate of pulmonary edema (P = 0.032), and had a longer hospital stay (P = 0.009).However, 28-day all-cause mortality did not differ between patientswith diabetes and patients without diabetes (6.4%vs. 5.7%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.11 [95% CI 0.55–2.25]; P =0.772). Longer-term follow-up after a median of 2.5 years revealed a significantly higher mortality among TTS patients with diabetes (31.4% vs. 16.5%; P < 0.001), and multivariate regression analysis identified diabetes as an independent predictor of adverse outcome (HR 1.66 [95% CI 1.16–2.39]; P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS Diabetes is not uncommon in patients with TTS, is associated with increased longerterm mortality rates, and is an independent predictor of adverse outcome irrespective of additional risk factors.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)-
Numero di pagine5
RivistaDiabetes Care
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy
Registries
Mortality
Pulmonary Edema
Stroke Volume
Italy
Germany
Length of Stay
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis

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Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I. (2018). Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Diabetes in Takotsubo Syndrome: Insights From the International, Multicenter GEIST Registry. Diabetes Care, -.

Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Diabetes in Takotsubo Syndrome: Insights From the International, Multicenter GEIST Registry. / Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I.

In: Diabetes Care, 2018, pag. -.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I. 2018, 'Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Diabetes in Takotsubo Syndrome: Insights From the International, Multicenter GEIST Registry', Diabetes Care, pagg. -.
Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I. Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Diabetes in Takotsubo Syndrome: Insights From the International, Multicenter GEIST Registry. Diabetes Care. 2018;-.
Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I. / Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Diabetes in Takotsubo Syndrome: Insights From the International, Multicenter GEIST Registry. In: Diabetes Care. 2018 ; pagg. -.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE In view of low prevalence rates, diabetes is discussed as a protective factor for the occurrence of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS). Furthermore, it was associated with improved outcome in a small single-center analysis. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence and prognostic relevance of concomitant diabetes in TTS. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Atotal of 826 patients with TTSwere enrolled in an international,multicenter, registrybased study (eight centers in Italy and Germany). All-cause mortality was compared between patients with diabetes and patients without diabetes, and the independent predictive value of diabetes was evaluated in multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1{\%} (n = 174). TTS patients with diabetes were older (P < 0.001), were more frequentlymale (P = 0.003), had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P < 0.001), physical triggers (P = 0.041), and typical apical ballooning (P = 0.010), had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (P = 0.008), had a higher rate of pulmonary edema (P = 0.032), and had a longer hospital stay (P = 0.009).However, 28-day all-cause mortality did not differ between patientswith diabetes and patients without diabetes (6.4{\%}vs. 5.7{\%}; hazard ratio [HR] 1.11 [95{\%} CI 0.55–2.25]; P =0.772). Longer-term follow-up after a median of 2.5 years revealed a significantly higher mortality among TTS patients with diabetes (31.4{\%} vs. 16.5{\%}; P < 0.001), and multivariate regression analysis identified diabetes as an independent predictor of adverse outcome (HR 1.66 [95{\%} CI 1.16–2.39]; P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS Diabetes is not uncommon in patients with TTS, is associated with increased longerterm mortality rates, and is an independent predictor of adverse outcome irrespective of additional risk factors.",
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author = "{Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I.} and Giuseppina Novo and Andrea Santangelo",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Diabetes in Takotsubo Syndrome: Insights From the International, Multicenter GEIST Registry

AU - Stiermaier, T.; Santoro, F.; El-Battrawy, I.; Moller, C.; Graf, T.; Mariano, E.; Romeo, F.; Caldarola, P.; Fanelli, M.; Thiele, H.; Daniele Brunetti, N.; Akin, I.; Eitel, I.

AU - Novo, Giuseppina

AU - Santangelo, Andrea

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - OBJECTIVE In view of low prevalence rates, diabetes is discussed as a protective factor for the occurrence of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS). Furthermore, it was associated with improved outcome in a small single-center analysis. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence and prognostic relevance of concomitant diabetes in TTS. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Atotal of 826 patients with TTSwere enrolled in an international,multicenter, registrybased study (eight centers in Italy and Germany). All-cause mortality was compared between patients with diabetes and patients without diabetes, and the independent predictive value of diabetes was evaluated in multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1% (n = 174). TTS patients with diabetes were older (P < 0.001), were more frequentlymale (P = 0.003), had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P < 0.001), physical triggers (P = 0.041), and typical apical ballooning (P = 0.010), had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (P = 0.008), had a higher rate of pulmonary edema (P = 0.032), and had a longer hospital stay (P = 0.009).However, 28-day all-cause mortality did not differ between patientswith diabetes and patients without diabetes (6.4%vs. 5.7%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.11 [95% CI 0.55–2.25]; P =0.772). Longer-term follow-up after a median of 2.5 years revealed a significantly higher mortality among TTS patients with diabetes (31.4% vs. 16.5%; P < 0.001), and multivariate regression analysis identified diabetes as an independent predictor of adverse outcome (HR 1.66 [95% CI 1.16–2.39]; P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS Diabetes is not uncommon in patients with TTS, is associated with increased longerterm mortality rates, and is an independent predictor of adverse outcome irrespective of additional risk factors.

AB - OBJECTIVE In view of low prevalence rates, diabetes is discussed as a protective factor for the occurrence of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS). Furthermore, it was associated with improved outcome in a small single-center analysis. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence and prognostic relevance of concomitant diabetes in TTS. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Atotal of 826 patients with TTSwere enrolled in an international,multicenter, registrybased study (eight centers in Italy and Germany). All-cause mortality was compared between patients with diabetes and patients without diabetes, and the independent predictive value of diabetes was evaluated in multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS The prevalence of diabetes was 21.1% (n = 174). TTS patients with diabetes were older (P < 0.001), were more frequentlymale (P = 0.003), had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P < 0.001), physical triggers (P = 0.041), and typical apical ballooning (P = 0.010), had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (P = 0.008), had a higher rate of pulmonary edema (P = 0.032), and had a longer hospital stay (P = 0.009).However, 28-day all-cause mortality did not differ between patientswith diabetes and patients without diabetes (6.4%vs. 5.7%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.11 [95% CI 0.55–2.25]; P =0.772). Longer-term follow-up after a median of 2.5 years revealed a significantly higher mortality among TTS patients with diabetes (31.4% vs. 16.5%; P < 0.001), and multivariate regression analysis identified diabetes as an independent predictor of adverse outcome (HR 1.66 [95% CI 1.16–2.39]; P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS Diabetes is not uncommon in patients with TTS, is associated with increased longerterm mortality rates, and is an independent predictor of adverse outcome irrespective of additional risk factors.

KW - Diabetes, Takotsubo

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/277035

M3 - Article

SP - -

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 1935-5548

ER -