Pressurized CO2 Electrochemical Conversion to Formic Acid: From Theoretical Model to Experimental Results

Risultato della ricerca: Conference contribution


To curb the severely rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, new approaches to capture and utilize this greenhouse gas are currently being investigated. In the last few years, many researches have focused on the electrochemical conversion of CO2 to added-value products in aqueous electrolyte solutions. In this backdrop, the pressurized electroreduction of CO2 can be assumed an up-and-coming alternative process for the production of valuable organic chemicals [1-3]. In this work, the process was studied in an undivided cell with tin cathode in order to produce formic acid and develop a theoretical model, predicting the effect of several operative parameters. The model is based on the cathodic conversion of pressurized CO2 to HCOOH and it also accounts for its anodic oxidation.In particular, the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to formic acid was performed in pressurized filter press cell with a continuous recirculation of electrolytic solution (0.9 L) at a tin cathode (9 cm2) for a long time (charge passed 67’000 C). It was shown that it is possible to scale-up the process by maintaining good results in terms of faradaic efficiency and generating significantly high concentrations of HCOOH (about 0.4 M) [4]. It was also demonstrated that, for pressurized systems, the process is under the mixed kinetic control of mass transfer of CO2 and the reduction of adsorbed CO2 (described by the Langmuir equation), following our proposed reaction mechanism [5].Moreover, the theoretical model is in good agreement with the experimental results collected and well describes the effect of several operating parameters, including current density, pressure, and the type of reactor used.1.Ma, S., & Kenis, P. J. (2013). Electrochemical conversion of CO2 to useful chemicals: current status, remaining challenges, and future opportunities. Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering, 2(2), 191-199.2.Endrődi, B., Bencsik, G., Darvas, F., Jones, R., Rajeshwar, K., & Janáky, C. (2017). Continuous-flow electroreduction of carbon dioxide. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 62, 133-154.3.Dufek, E. J., Lister, T. E., Stone, S. G., & McIlwain, M. E. (2012). Operation of a pressurized system for continuous reduction of CO2. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159(9), F514-F517.4.Proietto, F., Schiavo, B., Galia, A., & Scialdone, O. (2018). Electrochemical conversion of CO2 to HCOOH at tin cathode in a pressurized undivided filter-press cell. Electrochimica Acta, 277, 30-40.5.Proietto, F., Galia, A., & Scialdone, O. (2019) Electrochemical conversion of CO2 to HCOOH at tin cathode: development of a theoretical model and comparison with experimental results. ChemElectroChem, 6, 162-172.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteBook of Abstract : 25th Topical Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry New electrochemical processes for energy and the environment.
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019


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