The European DEMO conceptual design foresees four Breeding Blanket (BB) concepts that rely on different cooling and breeding technologies. As DEMO has been conceived to deliver net electricity to the grid, the choice of the blanket coolant plays a pivotal role in the reactor design having a strong influence on plant operation, safety and maintenance. Moreover, the machine pulsed operation makes the BB Primary Heat Transfer System (PHTS) the main hub of the DEMO Balance of Plant (BoP). Within this framework, a study has been carried out to design the Ex-Vessel PHTS of the Helium-Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) BB concept. The paper describes criteria and rationale followed with the aim to achieve a simple PHTS design based on the adoption of easy-to-manufacture main components. Results of preliminary thermal-hydraulic calculations carried out to size heat exchangers, piping and compressors are presented and critically discussed. Finally, the evaluation of PHTS key parameters as total pressure drops and total coolant inventory is reported to provide input relevant to the assessment of the impact of helium technology on the design integration and feasibility of DEMO BoP.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Rivista||Fusion Engineering and Design|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes