β-Lactoglobulin (β-lg) is the major whey milk protein and it represents the main allergen in cow and sheepmilk (1). Microbial fermentation produces some proteolytic enzymes and leads to the degradation of milkprotein allergens. In this study, the results of a screening on the ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolatedfrom typical Sicilian cheeses to reduce the β-lg are shown. This screening was carried out through anindirect competitive ELISA. The lactic acid fermentation was found to be suitable for decreasing milkimmunoreactivity.Twenty three strains of cheese LAB, belonging to six genera (Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus,Leuconostoc, Pediococcus and Streptococcus), were cultured for 48h in their optimal growth medium and,after washing and re-suspension in Ringer's solution, inoculated (1% vol/vol) in UHT milk. After 24hincubation at the optimal growth temperature, all samples were diluted (1:10) in distilled water andanalysed by Ridascreen ß-Lactoglobulin kit (r-biopharm-Germany) according to the manufacture'sinstructions. Un-inoculated UHT milk was used as control.After milk fermentation by LAB, the amount of β-lg decreased in twelve samples with an inhibition rateranging between 21% and 96%, as compared with unfermented milk. Eleven samples did not show asignificant β-lg decrease. The strains that showed a higher capacity to hydrolyze the β-lg were representedby Leuconostoc mesenteroides, followed by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Figure 1). It is important toobserve that two different strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides give different results.Since β-lg is recognized as the major milk allergen and it is known that its hydrolysis may reduce milkallergenicity (2), this study can contribute to give some help in the development of hypoallergenic milkproducts. Future studies will be needed to evaluate the efficacy and suitability of the selected LAB useful inthe processes of cheese-making.
|Numero di pagine||2|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2014|