Postoperative maintenance therapy for inflammatory bowel disease

Orlando, A.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

20 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2006 Jul;22(4):377-81. Postoperative maintenance therapy for inflammatory bowel disease. Cottone M, Orlando A, Modesto I. Department of General Medicine, Pneumology and Nutrition Clinic, Palermo University, Palermo, Italy. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will highlight the knowledge gained from studies published in the year 2005 on maintenance treatment after surgery for inflammatory bowel diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: In Crohn's disease the role of smoking in increasing the risk of relapse and recurrence after surgery is confirmed. Ornidazole seems effective in reducing endoscopic recurrence and clinical relapse after surgery. Probiotics do not appear to be effective in preventing endoscopic recurrence and clinical relapse: a controlled placebo trial showed that Lactobacillus johnsonii is not effective in preventing endoscopic recurrence. A retrospective study suggested that enteral nutrition after surgery may reduce the clinical relapse. Pathophysiological studies underlined the value of probiotics in pouchitis. SUMMARY: In Crohn's disease postoperative maintenance treatment is disappointing. Giving up smoking is still the only effective measure. Mesalamine remains the drug that has been widely studied with large trials and meta-analysis. Encouraging results come from small trials on antibiotics. Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine must be evaluated in better designed controlled trials. There is no evidence in favour of probiotics as an effective therapy to prevent recurrence. Enteral nutrition after surgery is a candidate new therapy, but further controlled trials are needed. Pathophysiological studies confirm the beneficial role of probiotics in pouchitis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)377-381
Numero di pagine5
RivistaCurrent Opinion in Gastroenterology
Volume22
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

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Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Probiotics
Recurrence
Pouchitis
Enteral Nutrition
Crohn Disease
Therapeutics
Ornidazole
Smoking
Mesalamine
6-Mercaptopurine
Pulmonary Medicine
Azathioprine
Italy
Meta-Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Placebos
Medicine
Anti-Bacterial Agents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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Postoperative maintenance therapy for inflammatory bowel disease. / Orlando, A.

In: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology, Vol. 22, 2006, pag. 377-381.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

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abstract = ". Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2006 Jul;22(4):377-81. Postoperative maintenance therapy for inflammatory bowel disease. Cottone M, Orlando A, Modesto I. Department of General Medicine, Pneumology and Nutrition Clinic, Palermo University, Palermo, Italy. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will highlight the knowledge gained from studies published in the year 2005 on maintenance treatment after surgery for inflammatory bowel diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: In Crohn's disease the role of smoking in increasing the risk of relapse and recurrence after surgery is confirmed. Ornidazole seems effective in reducing endoscopic recurrence and clinical relapse after surgery. Probiotics do not appear to be effective in preventing endoscopic recurrence and clinical relapse: a controlled placebo trial showed that Lactobacillus johnsonii is not effective in preventing endoscopic recurrence. A retrospective study suggested that enteral nutrition after surgery may reduce the clinical relapse. Pathophysiological studies underlined the value of probiotics in pouchitis. SUMMARY: In Crohn's disease postoperative maintenance treatment is disappointing. Giving up smoking is still the only effective measure. Mesalamine remains the drug that has been widely studied with large trials and meta-analysis. Encouraging results come from small trials on antibiotics. Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine must be evaluated in better designed controlled trials. There is no evidence in favour of probiotics as an effective therapy to prevent recurrence. Enteral nutrition after surgery is a candidate new therapy, but further controlled trials are needed. Pathophysiological studies confirm the beneficial role of probiotics in pouchitis.",
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