Population structure of Brachidontes pharaonis (P. Fisher, 1870) (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, and evolution of a novel mtDNA polymorphism

Sabrina Lo Brutto, Marco Arculeo, Jeffry B. Mitton

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33 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Brachidontes pharaonis (Fisher P, 1870) isan Indo-Pacific mussel that has colonized the MediterraneanSea via the Suez Canal. Mussels may havemigrated by natural dispersal of pelagic larvae, or theymay have been transported on the hulls of ships, or inballast water, or by some combination of these. MitochondrialCOI sequences (618 bp) from 101 musselsfrom six localities in the central and eastern MediterraneanSea and from one site in the Red Sea were usedto describe population structure. Analysis of molecularvariance indicated that frequencies differed amongpopulations, and that 92% of the variation residedwithin populations. The majority of haplotypes wereprivate alleles. No simple pattern of longitudinal variationwas detected for haplotype frequencies, haplotypediversity, or nucleotide diversity. A variety oftree-building algorithms (NJ, MP, ME) gave consistentresults, showing two sister groups. One clade had aleucine (L-form) and the other one a methionine(M-form) at the 30th amino acid. These sympatricforms were detected within all localities and they hadsimilar frequencies in males and females. The M- andL-form were separated by a 7.3% sequence divergence,indicating that this is an ancient polymorphism. Closely related species of mussels had exclusively the L-form,so we infer that the M-form evolved from the L-formlineage of B. pharaonis, probably in the northernportion of the Red Sea. Neutrality tests detected anexcess of rare mutations, a pattern of variation expectedin expanding populations. Patterns of variationdetected by Tajima’s D suggest that some form ofbalancing selection has maintained this polymorphism.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)89-101
Numero di pagine13
RivistaMarine Biology
Volume150
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

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Mytilidae
Mediterranean Sea
population structure
mussels
Bivalvia
polymorphism
mitochondrial DNA
genetic polymorphism
haplotypes
hull
canal
mutation
allele
canals (waterways)
amino acid
divergence
Red Sea
ships
larva
hulls

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

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title = "Population structure of Brachidontes pharaonis (P. Fisher, 1870) (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, and evolution of a novel mtDNA polymorphism",
abstract = "Abstract Brachidontes pharaonis (Fisher P, 1870) isan Indo-Pacific mussel that has colonized the MediterraneanSea via the Suez Canal. Mussels may havemigrated by natural dispersal of pelagic larvae, or theymay have been transported on the hulls of ships, or inballast water, or by some combination of these. MitochondrialCOI sequences (618 bp) from 101 musselsfrom six localities in the central and eastern MediterraneanSea and from one site in the Red Sea were usedto describe population structure. Analysis of molecularvariance indicated that frequencies differed amongpopulations, and that 92{\%} of the variation residedwithin populations. The majority of haplotypes wereprivate alleles. No simple pattern of longitudinal variationwas detected for haplotype frequencies, haplotypediversity, or nucleotide diversity. A variety oftree-building algorithms (NJ, MP, ME) gave consistentresults, showing two sister groups. One clade had aleucine (L-form) and the other one a methionine(M-form) at the 30th amino acid. These sympatricforms were detected within all localities and they hadsimilar frequencies in males and females. The M- andL-form were separated by a 7.3{\%} sequence divergence,indicating that this is an ancient polymorphism. Closely related species of mussels had exclusively the L-form,so we infer that the M-form evolved from the L-formlineage of B. pharaonis, probably in the northernportion of the Red Sea. Neutrality tests detected anexcess of rare mutations, a pattern of variation expectedin expanding populations. Patterns of variationdetected by Tajima’s D suggest that some form ofbalancing selection has maintained this polymorphism.",
keywords = "Brachidontes pharaonis, Invasive Alien Species, Mediterranean Sea, Population structure.",
author = "{Lo Brutto}, Sabrina and Marco Arculeo and Mitton, {Jeffry B.}",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
pages = "89--101",
journal = "Marine Biology",
issn = "0025-3162",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Population structure of Brachidontes pharaonis (P. Fisher, 1870) (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, and evolution of a novel mtDNA polymorphism

AU - Lo Brutto, Sabrina

AU - Arculeo, Marco

AU - Mitton, Jeffry B.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Abstract Brachidontes pharaonis (Fisher P, 1870) isan Indo-Pacific mussel that has colonized the MediterraneanSea via the Suez Canal. Mussels may havemigrated by natural dispersal of pelagic larvae, or theymay have been transported on the hulls of ships, or inballast water, or by some combination of these. MitochondrialCOI sequences (618 bp) from 101 musselsfrom six localities in the central and eastern MediterraneanSea and from one site in the Red Sea were usedto describe population structure. Analysis of molecularvariance indicated that frequencies differed amongpopulations, and that 92% of the variation residedwithin populations. The majority of haplotypes wereprivate alleles. No simple pattern of longitudinal variationwas detected for haplotype frequencies, haplotypediversity, or nucleotide diversity. A variety oftree-building algorithms (NJ, MP, ME) gave consistentresults, showing two sister groups. One clade had aleucine (L-form) and the other one a methionine(M-form) at the 30th amino acid. These sympatricforms were detected within all localities and they hadsimilar frequencies in males and females. The M- andL-form were separated by a 7.3% sequence divergence,indicating that this is an ancient polymorphism. Closely related species of mussels had exclusively the L-form,so we infer that the M-form evolved from the L-formlineage of B. pharaonis, probably in the northernportion of the Red Sea. Neutrality tests detected anexcess of rare mutations, a pattern of variation expectedin expanding populations. Patterns of variationdetected by Tajima’s D suggest that some form ofbalancing selection has maintained this polymorphism.

AB - Abstract Brachidontes pharaonis (Fisher P, 1870) isan Indo-Pacific mussel that has colonized the MediterraneanSea via the Suez Canal. Mussels may havemigrated by natural dispersal of pelagic larvae, or theymay have been transported on the hulls of ships, or inballast water, or by some combination of these. MitochondrialCOI sequences (618 bp) from 101 musselsfrom six localities in the central and eastern MediterraneanSea and from one site in the Red Sea were usedto describe population structure. Analysis of molecularvariance indicated that frequencies differed amongpopulations, and that 92% of the variation residedwithin populations. The majority of haplotypes wereprivate alleles. No simple pattern of longitudinal variationwas detected for haplotype frequencies, haplotypediversity, or nucleotide diversity. A variety oftree-building algorithms (NJ, MP, ME) gave consistentresults, showing two sister groups. One clade had aleucine (L-form) and the other one a methionine(M-form) at the 30th amino acid. These sympatricforms were detected within all localities and they hadsimilar frequencies in males and females. The M- andL-form were separated by a 7.3% sequence divergence,indicating that this is an ancient polymorphism. Closely related species of mussels had exclusively the L-form,so we infer that the M-form evolved from the L-formlineage of B. pharaonis, probably in the northernportion of the Red Sea. Neutrality tests detected anexcess of rare mutations, a pattern of variation expectedin expanding populations. Patterns of variationdetected by Tajima’s D suggest that some form ofbalancing selection has maintained this polymorphism.

KW - Brachidontes pharaonis

KW - Invasive Alien Species

KW - Mediterranean Sea

KW - Population structure.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/12671

M3 - Article

VL - 150

SP - 89

EP - 101

JO - Marine Biology

JF - Marine Biology

SN - 0025-3162

ER -