Let A be an associative algebra over a field F of characteristic zero endowed with a graded involution or a superinvolution ∗ and let c^∗_n(A) be its sequence of ∗-codimensions. In [4,12] it was proved that if A is finite dimensional such sequence is polynomially bounded if and only if A generates a variety not containing a finite number of ∗-algebras: the group algebra of Z_2 and a 4-dimensional subalgebra of the 4 × 4 upper triangular matrices with suitable graded involutions or superinvolutions. In this paper we focus our attention on such algebras since they are the only finite dimensional ∗-algebras, up to T^∗_2 -equivalence, generating varieties of almost polynomial growth, i.e., varieties of exponential growth such that any proper subvariety has polynomial growth. We classify the subvarieties of such varieties by giving a complete list of generating finite dimensional ∗-algebras. Along the way we classify all minimal varieties of polynomial growth and surprisingly we show that their number is finite for any given growth. Finally we describe the ∗-algebras whose ∗-codimensions are bounded by a linear function.
|Numero di pagine||27|
|Rivista||Journal of Algebra|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Algebra and Number Theory