Damage of hyaline cartilage species such as nasoseptal or joint cartilage requires proper reconstruction, which remains challenging due to the low intrinsic repair capacity of this tissue. Implantation of autologous chondrocytes in combination with a biomimetic biomaterial represents a promising strategy to support cartilage repair. The aim of this work was to assess the viability, attachment, morphology, extracellular matrix (ECM) production of human articular and nasoseptal chondrocytes cultured in vitro in porous poly(L-lactic) (PLLA) scaffolds of two selected pore sizes (100 and 200Â Î¼m). The PLLA scaffolds with 100 and 200Â Î¼m pore sizes were prepared via ternary thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) technique and analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Articular and nasoseptal chondrocytes were seeded on the scaffold and cultures maintained for 7 and 14Â days. Live/dead staining, (immuno-)histology and gene expression analysis of type II, type I collagen, aggrecan and SOX9 were performed to assess scaffold cytocompatibility and chondrocyte phenotype. The majority of both chondrocyte types survived on both scaffolds for the whole culture period. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE), alcian blue (visualizing glycosaminoglycans) stainings, immunoreactivity and gene expression of ECM proteins and cartilage marker (type II, I collagen, aggrecan, SOX9) of the chondrocyte scaffold constructs indicated that the smaller pore dimensions promoted the differentiation of the chondrocytes compared with the larger pore size. The present work revealed that the scaffold pore size is an important factor influencing chondrocyte differentiation and indicated that the scaffolds with 100Â Î¼m pores serve as a cytocompatible basis for further future modifications.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. C, BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS, SENSORS AND SYSTEMS|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2017|
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