PLLA biodegradable scaffolds for angiogenesis via Diffusion Induced Phase Separation (DIPS)

Risultato della ricerca: Book/Film/Article review

1 Citazione (Scopus)

Abstract

A critical obstacle in tissue engineering is the inability to maintain large masses of living cells upon transfer from the in vitro culture conditions into the host in vivo. Capillaries, and the vascular system, are required to supply essential nutrients, including oxygen, remove waste products and provide a biochemical communication “highway”. For this reason it is mandatory to manufacture an implantable structure where the process of vessel formation – the angiogenesis – can take place. In this work PLLA scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering were produced by dip-coating via Diffusion Induced Phase Separation (DIPS) technique. The scaffolds, with a vessel-like shape, were obtained by performing a DIPS process around a nylon fibre whose diameter was 700 μm. The fibre was first immersed into a 4% PLLA dioxane solution and subsequently immersed into a second bath containing distilled water. The covered fibre was then rinsed in order to remove the excess of dioxane and dried; finally the internal nylon fibre was pulled out so as to obtain a hollow biodegradable PLLA fiber. SEM analysis revealed that the scaffolds have a lumen of ca. 700 μm. The internal surface is homogeneous with micropores 1–2 μm large. Moreover, a cross section analysis showed an open structure across the thickness of the scaffold walls. A cell culture of endothelial cells was carried out into the as-prepared scaffolds. The result showed that cells are able to grow within the scaffolds and after 3 weeks they begin to form a “primordial” vessel-like structure.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-4
Numero di pagine4
RivistaInternational Journal of Material Forming
Volume2008
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

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Scaffolds
Phase separation
Fibers
Nylons
Scaffolds (biology)
Tissue engineering
Cell culture
Forms (concrete)
Endothelial cells
Nutrients
Cells
Oxygen
Coatings
Scanning electron microscopy
Water
Communication
1,4-dioxane

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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title = "PLLA biodegradable scaffolds for angiogenesis via Diffusion Induced Phase Separation (DIPS)",
abstract = "A critical obstacle in tissue engineering is the inability to maintain large masses of living cells upon transfer from the in vitro culture conditions into the host in vivo. Capillaries, and the vascular system, are required to supply essential nutrients, including oxygen, remove waste products and provide a biochemical communication “highway”. For this reason it is mandatory to manufacture an implantable structure where the process of vessel formation – the angiogenesis – can take place. In this work PLLA scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering were produced by dip-coating via Diffusion Induced Phase Separation (DIPS) technique. The scaffolds, with a vessel-like shape, were obtained by performing a DIPS process around a nylon fibre whose diameter was 700 μm. The fibre was first immersed into a 4{\%} PLLA dioxane solution and subsequently immersed into a second bath containing distilled water. The covered fibre was then rinsed in order to remove the excess of dioxane and dried; finally the internal nylon fibre was pulled out so as to obtain a hollow biodegradable PLLA fiber. SEM analysis revealed that the scaffolds have a lumen of ca. 700 μm. The internal surface is homogeneous with micropores 1–2 μm large. Moreover, a cross section analysis showed an open structure across the thickness of the scaffold walls. A cell culture of endothelial cells was carried out into the as-prepared scaffolds. The result showed that cells are able to grow within the scaffolds and after 3 weeks they begin to form a “primordial” vessel-like structure.",
author = "{Carfi' Pavia}, Francesco and {La Carrubba}, Vincenzo and Stefano Piccarolo and Giulio Ghersi and Brucato, {Valerio Maria Bartolo}",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
volume = "2008",
pages = "1--4",
journal = "International Journal of Material Forming",
issn = "1960-6206",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - PLLA biodegradable scaffolds for angiogenesis via Diffusion Induced Phase Separation (DIPS)

AU - Carfi' Pavia, Francesco

AU - La Carrubba, Vincenzo

AU - Piccarolo, Stefano

AU - Ghersi, Giulio

AU - Brucato, Valerio Maria Bartolo

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - A critical obstacle in tissue engineering is the inability to maintain large masses of living cells upon transfer from the in vitro culture conditions into the host in vivo. Capillaries, and the vascular system, are required to supply essential nutrients, including oxygen, remove waste products and provide a biochemical communication “highway”. For this reason it is mandatory to manufacture an implantable structure where the process of vessel formation – the angiogenesis – can take place. In this work PLLA scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering were produced by dip-coating via Diffusion Induced Phase Separation (DIPS) technique. The scaffolds, with a vessel-like shape, were obtained by performing a DIPS process around a nylon fibre whose diameter was 700 μm. The fibre was first immersed into a 4% PLLA dioxane solution and subsequently immersed into a second bath containing distilled water. The covered fibre was then rinsed in order to remove the excess of dioxane and dried; finally the internal nylon fibre was pulled out so as to obtain a hollow biodegradable PLLA fiber. SEM analysis revealed that the scaffolds have a lumen of ca. 700 μm. The internal surface is homogeneous with micropores 1–2 μm large. Moreover, a cross section analysis showed an open structure across the thickness of the scaffold walls. A cell culture of endothelial cells was carried out into the as-prepared scaffolds. The result showed that cells are able to grow within the scaffolds and after 3 weeks they begin to form a “primordial” vessel-like structure.

AB - A critical obstacle in tissue engineering is the inability to maintain large masses of living cells upon transfer from the in vitro culture conditions into the host in vivo. Capillaries, and the vascular system, are required to supply essential nutrients, including oxygen, remove waste products and provide a biochemical communication “highway”. For this reason it is mandatory to manufacture an implantable structure where the process of vessel formation – the angiogenesis – can take place. In this work PLLA scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering were produced by dip-coating via Diffusion Induced Phase Separation (DIPS) technique. The scaffolds, with a vessel-like shape, were obtained by performing a DIPS process around a nylon fibre whose diameter was 700 μm. The fibre was first immersed into a 4% PLLA dioxane solution and subsequently immersed into a second bath containing distilled water. The covered fibre was then rinsed in order to remove the excess of dioxane and dried; finally the internal nylon fibre was pulled out so as to obtain a hollow biodegradable PLLA fiber. SEM analysis revealed that the scaffolds have a lumen of ca. 700 μm. The internal surface is homogeneous with micropores 1–2 μm large. Moreover, a cross section analysis showed an open structure across the thickness of the scaffold walls. A cell culture of endothelial cells was carried out into the as-prepared scaffolds. The result showed that cells are able to grow within the scaffolds and after 3 weeks they begin to form a “primordial” vessel-like structure.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/31766

M3 - Book/Film/Article review

VL - 2008

SP - 1

EP - 4

JO - International Journal of Material Forming

JF - International Journal of Material Forming

SN - 1960-6206

ER -