Più che una lontana analogia. Psicoanalisi, techne e retorica greca.

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Abstract

Starting from the Vassalli's (2004;2008) proposal, this paper aims to show the theoretical richness of the Greek concept of techne, in order to understand the epistemological status of psychoanalysis. Thus, retracing the path indicated by Aristotle, the main features of the Greek techne are identified: it is a type of knowledge that is conjectural and fallible, but not for this reason is it uninterested in the truth. It is an intrinsically practically oriented knowledge in which theoretical aspects and practical aims go together, and where each specific and contingent case plays a crucial role, without devaluing the worth of the general rule. Against this background, in the second part of the paper, the comparison focuses on a specific techne, rhetoric, which shares with psychoanalysis an acknowledgment of the great power that words have on human life. This comparison is particularly fruitful thanks to the fact that the concept of language implied in Ancient Greek rhetoric is far from the modern idea of language as a comunication tool. If we overcome our strong prejudice against the art of persuasion, the rhetorical point of view has the capacity to show the problematic tangle - crucial for the psychoanalysis - between language, thought, body, and emotions. In fact, persuasive speech is intrinsically pragmatic, and therefore it can never be divorced from the subjects involved, if it is true - as indeed it is true for Aristotle-that Logos alone cannot do anything unless it can move to desire (orexis). In this perspective, the speaker/listener is no longer a user of the language as a tool, but an agential part of a complex activity involving not only the cognitive aspect, but also affective and bodily ones.
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)123-143
Numero di pagine21
RivistaRivista Di Psicoanalisi
Volume56
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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