Photochemical Synthesis of Water-Soluble Gold Nanorods: The Role of Silver in Assisting Anisotropic Growth

Francesco Giannici, Giancarlo Capitani, Tiziana Placido, Davide Cozzoli, Roberto Comparelli, Marinella Striccoli, Davide Cozzoli, Maria Lucia Lucia Curri, Angela Agostiano

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

79 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of Ag+ ions in the ultraviolet-driven photochemical synthesis of Au nanorods (NRs) in aqueous surfactant mixtures has been investigated in order to elucidate the mechanism that drives anisotropic nanoparticle growth. The samples, grown in the presence of varying amounts of Ag+ ions for scheduled irradiation times, have been characterized by ultraviolet−visible−near infrared (UV−vis−NIR) absorption spectroscopy, analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements. Moreover, the time evolution of size and shape distribution has been investigated by statistical analysis of the relevant TEM data. EXAFS measurements at the Ag K-edge have unambiguously disclosed the presence of Ag species in the final product, identifying their chemical state as well as the most probable lattice environment around them with a reasonably high level of confidence. The extensive sample knowledge gained by the combination of spectroscopic, structural, and morphological measurements has provided reliable information regarding the most relevant processes underlying the Ag+-assisted formation of Au NRs by the photochemical route. An induction period prior to occurrence of fast nanoparticle nucleation has been identified, which has been correlated to the slow accumulation of a critical concentration of Au(I)−surfactant species from reduction of their Au(III) parent precursors. The role played by Ag in directing Au growth toward the formation of NRs has been clarified through demonstration of preferential adsorption of zerovalent Ag species on {110} facets of the growing Au nanoparticles, which can be therefore responsible for restricting crystal development along the relevant crystallographic directions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)4192-4202
Numero di pagine11
RivistaChemistry of Materials
Volume21
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1500.1500???
  • Materials Chemistry

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