Photocatalytic oxidation of acetonitrile in gas-solid and liquid-solid regimes

Leonardo Palmisano, Vincenzo Augugliaro, Giuseppe Marci', Elisa Isabel Garcia Lopez, Vittorio Loddo, Maria Giulia Faga, Vittorio Loddo, Gianmario Martra, Salvatore Coluccia, Maurizio Addamo, Elisa García-López, Vincenzo Augugliaro, Giuseppe Marcì, Leonardo Palmisano, Maurizio Addamo

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Abstract

Il programma NON mi ha consentito di scaricare il PDF di questo articolo. Se lo volete ditemi come inviarloABSTRACTPhotocatalytic degradation of acetonitrile was carried out in both gas–solid and liquid–solid regimes using two commercial TiO2 catalysts(Merck and Degussa P25). For the gas–solid regime, a continuous annular photoreactor was used. The influence on photodegradation kineticsof the gas flow rate and concentrations of acetonitrile, oxygen, and water was investigated. Acetonitrile degradation products detected in thegas phase included carbon dioxide and hydrogen cyanide. The same photoactivity was exhibited in the presence and in the absence of watervapour. The liquid–solid regime used a batch photoreactor with an immersed lamp (the same as for the gas–solid regime). The oxidation productsdetected in the solution were cyanide, cyanate, nitrite, nitrate, methanoate, and carbonate ions. The Langmuir–Hinshelwood kinetic model fitthe photoreactivity data obtained in both regimes and allowed us to determine the rate constant and equilibrium adsorption constant values. Theadsorption constant and kinetic constant value were lower in the liquid–solid regime than in the gas–solid regime. The Merck catalyst had highervalues of these parameters for both regimes than the Degussa P25 catalyst. An evaluation of the possible competition between acetonitrile andwater molecules for the surface sites of the photocatalyst (Ti4 + ions and hydroxyl groups) revealed that for high H2O/CH3CN ratios, as is typicalfor the photo-oxidation process carried out in a liquid/solid regime, acetonitrile molecules were not able to provide a specific interaction with thesurface sites of TiO2, remaining dissolved in the interface water molecular layers. In contrast, for low H2O/CH3CN ratios, as is typical for thephoto-oxidation process carried out in a gas–solid regime, acetonitrile could win the competition with water for surface hydroxyls. 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)209-220
Numero di pagine12
RivistaJournal of Catalysis
Volume235
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2005

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Palmisano, L., Augugliaro, V., Marci', G., Garcia Lopez, E. I., Loddo, V., Faga, M. G., Loddo, V., Martra, G., Coluccia, S., Addamo, M., García-López, E., Augugliaro, V., Marcì, G., Palmisano, L., & Addamo, M. (2005). Photocatalytic oxidation of acetonitrile in gas-solid and liquid-solid regimes. Journal of Catalysis, 235, 209-220.