Photocatalytic Degradation of Paraquat and Genotoxicity of its Intermediate Products

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The photocatalytic degradation of paraquat (1,1-dimethyl-4,4′-bipyridylium dichloride) aqueous solutions in the presence of polycrystalline TiO2 Degussa P25 irradiated by near-UV light was investigated. The substrate and total organic carbon concentrations were monitored by UV spectroscopy and TOC measurements, respectively: the complete photocatalytic mineralization of paraquat (20 ppm) was achieved after ca. 3 h of irradiation by using 0.4 g l−1 of catalyst amount at natural pH (ca 5.8). On the contrary no significant photodegradation of paraquat was observed in the absence of TiO2 under similar experimental conditions. To evaluate the genotoxicity of paraquat and its intermediates produced during heterogeneous photocatalytic treatment, in vitro tests such as Ames test, with and without rat liver microsomal fractions (S9 mix), and micronucleus test, were used. Results obtained with Salmonella typhimurium (strain TA100) showed that paraquat and photocatalytic products were unable to induce gene mutations when photocatalysis was used in the presence of the optimum amount of TiO2, i.e. 0.4 g l−1, whereas an increase of revertants his+ per plate was observed after 300 min irradiation in the presence of very low amount of TiO2 (0.04 g l−1). The negative results from micronucleus test suggest that mutagenic, but non-clastogenic, late intermediates of paraquat photo-oxidation were formed when the photocatalytic runs of paraquat degradation were carried out by using 0.04 g l−1 of photocatalyst.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)277-282
Numero di pagine6
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1500.1500???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3100.3100???


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