Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms in younger adults: A critical discussion of unmet medical needs, with a focus on pregnancy

Risultato della ricerca: Review articlepeer review

Abstract

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) are traditionally regarded as a disease of older adults, though a not negligible fraction of cases occurs at a younger age, including women of childbearing potential.MPN in younger patients, indeed, offer several challenges for the clinical hematologist, that goes from difficulties in reaching a timely and accurate diagnosis to a peculiar thrombotic risk, with a relatively high incidence of thromboses in unusual sites (as the splanchnic veins or the cerebral ones). Moreover, the issue of pregnancy is recently gaining more attention as maternal age is rising and molecular screening are widely implemented, leading to a better recognition of these cases, both before and during pregnancy.In the present work we aim at discussing four clinical topic that we identified as areas of uncertainty or true unmet medical needs in the management of younger patients with MPN, with a particular focus on the topic of pregnancy. For each of these topics, we critically reviewed the available evidence that support treatment decisions, though acknowledging that recommendations in this field are mostly based on expert opinion or derived from guidelines of other clinical conditions that share with MPN a high vascular risk, as antiphospholipid syndrome.Taking into consideration both the lack of evidence-based data and the clinical heterogeneity of MPN, we support an individualized strategy of counseling and management for both young patients and for expectant mother with MPN.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine24
RivistaBlood Reviews
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

Cita questo