Phase equilibrium constraints on pre-eruptive conditions of recent felsic explosive volcanism at Pantelleria Island, Italy.

Silvio Giuseppe Rotolo, Ida Di Carlo, Bruno Scaillet, Michel Pichavant, Ida Di Carlo

Risultato della ricerca: Article

46 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We present experimental phase equilibria carried out on a pantelleritic bulk-rock composition with a peralkalinity index [PI¼molar (Na2OþK2O)/Al2O3]¼1·4, which is representative of the most energetic pumice fall eruption of the resurgent post-caldera volcanism on Pantelleria island. For the explored conditions (P¼25^ 150MPa; T¼680^8008C; H2Omelt up to 6 wt %; fO2 NNO, where NNO is nickel^nickel oxide buffer) clinopyroxene is the liquidus phase followed by alkali feldspar and then quartz.The crystallization of amphibole is limited to temperatures below 7008C. Aenigmatite crystallizes near the liquidus for P 100MPa.When clinopyroxene is the sole liquidus phase, the coexisting melt is characterized by a decrease in peralkalinity index to 1·2, if compared with the starting material, approaching comendite composition. In contrast, when alkali feldspar joins the liquidus phase assemblage, residual melts become extremely peralkaline (PI¼3·2), with FeO contents in excess of 14 wt %. Comparison of our experiments with natural phase abundances and compositions constrains the depth of the Fastuca pantellerite reservoir to be around 5 1km (or P¼120 20MPa) at T¼730 108C, with H2Omelt around 4wt %, and fO2 1·5 log unit below NNO. Such conditions correspond to the dominant phase assemblage of feldspar, clinopyroxene and aenigmatite. Amphibole occurrence requires both higher melt water contents and lower temperatures (up to 6·5 wt % at 6808C), and may reflect provenance from a deeper and wetter portion of the tapped reservoir. In contrast, quartz is more probably related to crystallization during magma ascent, which explains the lower melt water content of its melt inclusions. Overall, the results confirm that pantellerites may be both water-rich and reduced magmas. These characteristics imply that any coexisting fluid phase in the reservoir will be dominated by water and hydrogen species, the latter amounting to a few mole per cent. Magma unrest at Pantelleria may thus be heralded by emissions of hydrous and reduced gases (i.e. CO2-poor and H2-rich), if the present-day reservoir is felsic in composition.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2245-2276
Numero di pagine32
RivistaJournal of Petrology
Volume51
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2010

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explosive volcanism
liquidus
phase equilibrium
aenigmatite
Amphibole Asbestos
Italy
Phase equilibria
Quartz
alkali feldspar
amphiboles
Alkalies
meltwater
amphibole
magma
alkalies
nickel
quartz
Chemical analysis
pumice
calderas

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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Phase equilibrium constraints on pre-eruptive conditions of recent felsic explosive volcanism at Pantelleria Island, Italy. / Rotolo, Silvio Giuseppe; Di Carlo, Ida; Scaillet, Bruno; Pichavant, Michel; Di Carlo, Ida.

In: Journal of Petrology, Vol. 51, 2010, pag. 2245-2276.

Risultato della ricerca: Article

@article{f3e80e4c34064c5db6b38375ae29d185,
title = "Phase equilibrium constraints on pre-eruptive conditions of recent felsic explosive volcanism at Pantelleria Island, Italy.",
abstract = "We present experimental phase equilibria carried out on a pantelleritic bulk-rock composition with a peralkalinity index [PI¼molar (Na2O{\th}K2O)/Al2O3]¼1·4, which is representative of the most energetic pumice fall eruption of the resurgent post-caldera volcanism on Pantelleria island. For the explored conditions (P¼25^ 150MPa; T¼680^8008C; H2Omelt up to 6 wt {\%}; fO2 NNO, where NNO is nickel^nickel oxide buffer) clinopyroxene is the liquidus phase followed by alkali feldspar and then quartz.The crystallization of amphibole is limited to temperatures below 7008C. Aenigmatite crystallizes near the liquidus for P 100MPa.When clinopyroxene is the sole liquidus phase, the coexisting melt is characterized by a decrease in peralkalinity index to 1·2, if compared with the starting material, approaching comendite composition. In contrast, when alkali feldspar joins the liquidus phase assemblage, residual melts become extremely peralkaline (PI¼3·2), with FeO contents in excess of 14 wt {\%}. Comparison of our experiments with natural phase abundances and compositions constrains the depth of the Fastuca pantellerite reservoir to be around 5 1km (or P¼120 20MPa) at T¼730 108C, with H2Omelt around 4wt {\%}, and fO2 1·5 log unit below NNO. Such conditions correspond to the dominant phase assemblage of feldspar, clinopyroxene and aenigmatite. Amphibole occurrence requires both higher melt water contents and lower temperatures (up to 6·5 wt {\%} at 6808C), and may reflect provenance from a deeper and wetter portion of the tapped reservoir. In contrast, quartz is more probably related to crystallization during magma ascent, which explains the lower melt water content of its melt inclusions. Overall, the results confirm that pantellerites may be both water-rich and reduced magmas. These characteristics imply that any coexisting fluid phase in the reservoir will be dominated by water and hydrogen species, the latter amounting to a few mole per cent. Magma unrest at Pantelleria may thus be heralded by emissions of hydrous and reduced gases (i.e. CO2-poor and H2-rich), if the present-day reservoir is felsic in composition.",
author = "Rotolo, {Silvio Giuseppe} and {Di Carlo}, Ida and Bruno Scaillet and Michel Pichavant and {Di Carlo}, Ida",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "2245--2276",
journal = "Journal of Petrology",
issn = "0022-3530",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Phase equilibrium constraints on pre-eruptive conditions of recent felsic explosive volcanism at Pantelleria Island, Italy.

AU - Rotolo, Silvio Giuseppe

AU - Di Carlo, Ida

AU - Scaillet, Bruno

AU - Pichavant, Michel

AU - Di Carlo, Ida

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We present experimental phase equilibria carried out on a pantelleritic bulk-rock composition with a peralkalinity index [PI¼molar (Na2OþK2O)/Al2O3]¼1·4, which is representative of the most energetic pumice fall eruption of the resurgent post-caldera volcanism on Pantelleria island. For the explored conditions (P¼25^ 150MPa; T¼680^8008C; H2Omelt up to 6 wt %; fO2 NNO, where NNO is nickel^nickel oxide buffer) clinopyroxene is the liquidus phase followed by alkali feldspar and then quartz.The crystallization of amphibole is limited to temperatures below 7008C. Aenigmatite crystallizes near the liquidus for P 100MPa.When clinopyroxene is the sole liquidus phase, the coexisting melt is characterized by a decrease in peralkalinity index to 1·2, if compared with the starting material, approaching comendite composition. In contrast, when alkali feldspar joins the liquidus phase assemblage, residual melts become extremely peralkaline (PI¼3·2), with FeO contents in excess of 14 wt %. Comparison of our experiments with natural phase abundances and compositions constrains the depth of the Fastuca pantellerite reservoir to be around 5 1km (or P¼120 20MPa) at T¼730 108C, with H2Omelt around 4wt %, and fO2 1·5 log unit below NNO. Such conditions correspond to the dominant phase assemblage of feldspar, clinopyroxene and aenigmatite. Amphibole occurrence requires both higher melt water contents and lower temperatures (up to 6·5 wt % at 6808C), and may reflect provenance from a deeper and wetter portion of the tapped reservoir. In contrast, quartz is more probably related to crystallization during magma ascent, which explains the lower melt water content of its melt inclusions. Overall, the results confirm that pantellerites may be both water-rich and reduced magmas. These characteristics imply that any coexisting fluid phase in the reservoir will be dominated by water and hydrogen species, the latter amounting to a few mole per cent. Magma unrest at Pantelleria may thus be heralded by emissions of hydrous and reduced gases (i.e. CO2-poor and H2-rich), if the present-day reservoir is felsic in composition.

AB - We present experimental phase equilibria carried out on a pantelleritic bulk-rock composition with a peralkalinity index [PI¼molar (Na2OþK2O)/Al2O3]¼1·4, which is representative of the most energetic pumice fall eruption of the resurgent post-caldera volcanism on Pantelleria island. For the explored conditions (P¼25^ 150MPa; T¼680^8008C; H2Omelt up to 6 wt %; fO2 NNO, where NNO is nickel^nickel oxide buffer) clinopyroxene is the liquidus phase followed by alkali feldspar and then quartz.The crystallization of amphibole is limited to temperatures below 7008C. Aenigmatite crystallizes near the liquidus for P 100MPa.When clinopyroxene is the sole liquidus phase, the coexisting melt is characterized by a decrease in peralkalinity index to 1·2, if compared with the starting material, approaching comendite composition. In contrast, when alkali feldspar joins the liquidus phase assemblage, residual melts become extremely peralkaline (PI¼3·2), with FeO contents in excess of 14 wt %. Comparison of our experiments with natural phase abundances and compositions constrains the depth of the Fastuca pantellerite reservoir to be around 5 1km (or P¼120 20MPa) at T¼730 108C, with H2Omelt around 4wt %, and fO2 1·5 log unit below NNO. Such conditions correspond to the dominant phase assemblage of feldspar, clinopyroxene and aenigmatite. Amphibole occurrence requires both higher melt water contents and lower temperatures (up to 6·5 wt % at 6808C), and may reflect provenance from a deeper and wetter portion of the tapped reservoir. In contrast, quartz is more probably related to crystallization during magma ascent, which explains the lower melt water content of its melt inclusions. Overall, the results confirm that pantellerites may be both water-rich and reduced magmas. These characteristics imply that any coexisting fluid phase in the reservoir will be dominated by water and hydrogen species, the latter amounting to a few mole per cent. Magma unrest at Pantelleria may thus be heralded by emissions of hydrous and reduced gases (i.e. CO2-poor and H2-rich), if the present-day reservoir is felsic in composition.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/51458

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 2245

EP - 2276

JO - Journal of Petrology

JF - Journal of Petrology

SN - 0022-3530

ER -