Pharmacokinetics of new oral anticoagulants: implications for use in routine care

Anna Sveva Mancuso, Salvatore Corrao, Giuseppe Andò, Gianluca Trifirò, Piera Capranzano, Ylenia Ingrasciotta, Valeria Pizzimenti, Ilaria Marcianò, Salvatore Crisafulli, Anna Mancuso

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7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Since 2008, new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been approved for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients receiving hip or knee replacement surgery, prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE). Premarketing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of NOACs demonstrated their non-inferiority in terms of efficacy vs. warfarin (traditional oral anticoagulant–TOA), with lower risk of serious adverse drug reactions, especially cerebral hemorrhages. In clinical practice, pharmacokinetic aspects of NOACs have to be carefully taken into account to optimize the benefit-risk profile of these drugs. Areas covered: An overview of major issues related to pharmacokinetics of NOACs, such as drug–drug interactions, over- and underdosage in special populations (e.g. elderly, underweight, and chronic kidney disease patients), and impact on adherence and persistence to NOACs therapy and ultimately clinical outcomes in real-world setting, is provided. Expert opinion: NOACs have been proven to be a better option than traditional anticoagulants due to better tolerability and ease of use. However, given specific pharmacokinetic characteristics, NOAC therapy has to be carefully tailored and monitored in relation to patient characteristics with the final goal of maximizing benefits and minimizing risks.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1057-1069
Numero di pagine13
RivistaEXPERT OPINION ON DRUG METABOLISM & TOXICOLOGY
Volume14
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology

Cita questo

Mancuso, A. S., Corrao, S., Andò, G., Trifirò, G., Capranzano, P., Ingrasciotta, Y., Pizzimenti, V., Marcianò, I., Crisafulli, S., & Mancuso, A. (2018). Pharmacokinetics of new oral anticoagulants: implications for use in routine care. EXPERT OPINION ON DRUG METABOLISM & TOXICOLOGY, 14, 1057-1069.