Personal protective equipment and intensive care unit healthcare worker safety in the COVID-19 era (PPE-SAFE): An international survey

Andrea Cortegiani, Alexis Tabah, Luigi Camporota, Kiran Shekar, Seyed Mohammadreza Hashemian, Aleksandra Gutysz-Wojnicka, Pietro Bertini, Karin Amrein, Lennie Derde, Marc Danguy Des Déserts, Leonardo Pagani, Mahesh Ramanan, Ali Ait Hssain, Gentle Sunder Shrestha, Nathalie Zappella, Mansoor Masjedi, Bruno Sousa, Andrea Cortegiani, Rafael Sierra, Kollengode RamanathanJohannes Mellinghoff, Faustina Excel Adipa, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Andrew Conway Morris, Tharwat Aisa, Felipe De Jesus Montelongo, Andrew Conway Morris, Andrew Conway Morris, Lowell Ling, Niccolò Buetti, Bhagyesh Shah, Wael Awada, Matteo Bassetti, Guy Francois, Anatilde Diaz, Prashanth Kumar, Muhammed Elhadi, Jose Garnacho Montero, Matteo Bassetti, Gabriela Vidal, Nathalie Ssi Yan Kai, Luigi Comporota, Jumana Yusuf Haji, Joanne White, Rafael Sierra, Bruno Sousa, Dong Liu, Lennie Derde, Luisa Nobile, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Luca Buetti, Caroline Dallongeville, Graziella Rodosti, Peter Lai, Clarice Wee Li-Phing, Alba Llorens, Tomasz Torlinski, Pedro Povoa, Kostoula Arvaniti, Kevin B. Laupland, Jan J. De Waele, Gabriela Vidal, Jordi Rello, Peter Lai

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

119 Citazioni (Scopus)


Purpose: To survey healthcare workers (HCW) on availability and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) caring for COVID-19 patients in the intensive care unit (ICU).Materials and method: A web-based survey distributed worldwide in April 2020.Results: We received 2711 responses from 1797 (67%) physicians, 744 (27%) nurses, and 170 (6%) Allied HCW. For routine care, most (1557, 58%) reportedly used FFP2/N95 masks, waterproof long sleeve gowns (1623; 67%), and face shields/visors (1574; 62%). Powered Air-Purifying Respirators were used routinely and for intubation only by 184 (7%) and 254 (13%) respondents, respectively. Surgical masks were used for routine care by 289 (15%) and 47 (2%) for intubations. At least one piece of standard PPE was unavailable for 1402 (52%), and 817 (30%) reported reusing single-use PPE. PPE was worn for a median of 4 h (IQR 2, 5). Adverse effects of PPE were associated with longer shift durations and included heat (1266, 51%), thirst (1174, 47%), pressure areas (1088, 44%), headaches (696, 28%), Inability to use the bathroom (661, 27%) and extreme exhaustion (492, 20%).Conclusions: HCWs reported widespread shortages, frequent reuse of, and adverse effects related to PPE. Urgent action by healthcare administrators, policymakers, governments and industry is warranted.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)70-75
Numero di pagine6
RivistaJournal of Critical Care
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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