PERMANENCE OF MODIFICATIONS IN ORAL MICROCIRCULATION IN EX-SMOKERS

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term effects of smoking and to investigate the permanence of this damage to the oral microcirculation. Material/Methods: We recruited 75 patients and divided them into 3 groups: group 1 was composed of 25 healthy non-smokers, group 2 was composed of 25 healthy current smokers, and group 3 was composed of 25 healthy ex-smokers. Video-capillaroscopic examination was performed on all patients. The video-capillaroscopic investigation was performed on patients in sitting position, always with the same light source, at the same room temperature (23°C), in the morning, with the same operator (GAS), and was repeated many times for every area under investigation. An enlargement of 200× allowed us to explore point-bypoint all the morpho-structural characteristics of the capillaroscopic field. For non-parametric data, we evaluated the visibility of the loops and their position in relation to the surface of the mucosa. The evaluated parametric data were length of capillary loop, diameter of the loop, capillary tortuosity, and capillary density. Results: Our study clearly shows there was no remission of vascular damage, even 13 years after smoking cessation. Conclusions: Our research shows that that the effects of smoking are still visible in ex-smokers, even at 13 years after cessation and also that ex-smokers are still subject to the risk of oral pathologies in the interval of time that we considered.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)866-871
Numero di pagine6
RivistaDefault journal
Volume30
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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title = "PERMANENCE OF MODIFICATIONS IN ORAL MICROCIRCULATION IN EX-SMOKERS",
abstract = "Background: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term effects of smoking and to investigate the permanence of this damage to the oral microcirculation. Material/Methods: We recruited 75 patients and divided them into 3 groups: group 1 was composed of 25 healthy non-smokers, group 2 was composed of 25 healthy current smokers, and group 3 was composed of 25 healthy ex-smokers. Video-capillaroscopic examination was performed on all patients. The video-capillaroscopic investigation was performed on patients in sitting position, always with the same light source, at the same room temperature (23°C), in the morning, with the same operator (GAS), and was repeated many times for every area under investigation. An enlargement of 200× allowed us to explore point-bypoint all the morpho-structural characteristics of the capillaroscopic field. For non-parametric data, we evaluated the visibility of the loops and their position in relation to the surface of the mucosa. The evaluated parametric data were length of capillary loop, diameter of the loop, capillary tortuosity, and capillary density. Results: Our study clearly shows there was no remission of vascular damage, even 13 years after smoking cessation. Conclusions: Our research shows that that the effects of smoking are still visible in ex-smokers, even at 13 years after cessation and also that ex-smokers are still subject to the risk of oral pathologies in the interval of time that we considered.",
author = "Francesco Carini and Giovanni Tomasello and Dario Melilli and Cumbo, {Enzo Maria Giuseppe} and Scardina, {Giuseppe Alessandro} and Massimo Messina and Paolo Messina",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "866--871",
journal = "Default journal",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - PERMANENCE OF MODIFICATIONS IN ORAL MICROCIRCULATION IN EX-SMOKERS

AU - Carini, Francesco

AU - Tomasello, Giovanni

AU - Melilli, Dario

AU - Cumbo, Enzo Maria Giuseppe

AU - Scardina, Giuseppe Alessandro

AU - Messina, Massimo

AU - Messina, Paolo

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term effects of smoking and to investigate the permanence of this damage to the oral microcirculation. Material/Methods: We recruited 75 patients and divided them into 3 groups: group 1 was composed of 25 healthy non-smokers, group 2 was composed of 25 healthy current smokers, and group 3 was composed of 25 healthy ex-smokers. Video-capillaroscopic examination was performed on all patients. The video-capillaroscopic investigation was performed on patients in sitting position, always with the same light source, at the same room temperature (23°C), in the morning, with the same operator (GAS), and was repeated many times for every area under investigation. An enlargement of 200× allowed us to explore point-bypoint all the morpho-structural characteristics of the capillaroscopic field. For non-parametric data, we evaluated the visibility of the loops and their position in relation to the surface of the mucosa. The evaluated parametric data were length of capillary loop, diameter of the loop, capillary tortuosity, and capillary density. Results: Our study clearly shows there was no remission of vascular damage, even 13 years after smoking cessation. Conclusions: Our research shows that that the effects of smoking are still visible in ex-smokers, even at 13 years after cessation and also that ex-smokers are still subject to the risk of oral pathologies in the interval of time that we considered.

AB - Background: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term effects of smoking and to investigate the permanence of this damage to the oral microcirculation. Material/Methods: We recruited 75 patients and divided them into 3 groups: group 1 was composed of 25 healthy non-smokers, group 2 was composed of 25 healthy current smokers, and group 3 was composed of 25 healthy ex-smokers. Video-capillaroscopic examination was performed on all patients. The video-capillaroscopic investigation was performed on patients in sitting position, always with the same light source, at the same room temperature (23°C), in the morning, with the same operator (GAS), and was repeated many times for every area under investigation. An enlargement of 200× allowed us to explore point-bypoint all the morpho-structural characteristics of the capillaroscopic field. For non-parametric data, we evaluated the visibility of the loops and their position in relation to the surface of the mucosa. The evaluated parametric data were length of capillary loop, diameter of the loop, capillary tortuosity, and capillary density. Results: Our study clearly shows there was no remission of vascular damage, even 13 years after smoking cessation. Conclusions: Our research shows that that the effects of smoking are still visible in ex-smokers, even at 13 years after cessation and also that ex-smokers are still subject to the risk of oral pathologies in the interval of time that we considered.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/339207

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 866

EP - 871

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

ER -