Aim. The aim of this research is to explore the psychical functioning in bipolar I or bipolar II disorder people through the analysis and comparison of their thought styles and defense patterns. Methods. 29 bipolar I and bipolar II peo- ple afferent to Palermo University Policlinical Psychiatric Hospital Department were selected during the whole 2009-2010 year. The following tests were administred: Wechsler Adult Intelligent Scale-R (WAIS-R) in order to measure the general cognitive function; Defense Mechanisms Inventory (DMI) in order to measure defense patterns. Afterwards, the results of the two tests were analysed and compared. Outcome. Bipolar disorder people use cognitive mechanisms and defense strategies that are very different from standard population. Bipolar I subjects show both wider and more serious cognitive deterioration and stricter defense mechanisms than bipolar II subjects. Generally bipolar patients show an immature personality based on ar- chaic mechanisms that can be found in all the spheres of their personality: emotions, cognition, Ego-strength, adaptability to reality. Discussion. The peculiar achieved cognitive and defense profile leads to important considerations about how psychological strategies can contribute to use “bespoke” treatments for these patients.
|Numero di pagine||7|
|Rivista||Rivista di Psichiatria|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2013|
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