Pediatric selective mutism and sleep disorders: A pilot restrospective case control-study

Gabriele Tripi, Lucia Parisi, Davide Testa, Gabriele Tripi, Gabriella Marsala, Angelo Montana, Pasquale Giugliano, Anna Nunzia Polito, Sabrina Franco, Palmira Romano, Diego Geraci, Francesco Cerroni, Daniela Russo, Elisabetta Picciocchi, Mario Giuseppe Chisari, Mariarosaria Caliendo, Valentina Esposito, Lucrezia D’Oro, Rosa Giordano, Valentina EspositoPaolo Murabito, Beatrice Gallai, Rosa Marotta, Angelo Montana, Giuseppe Quatrosi, Rosanna Marotta, Tiziana Nuara

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

Introduction: Selective mutism (SM) is characterized by the persistent inability to speak in some specific contexts (i.e. school, home, social contexts) or within interaction with peer group and/or adults when a normal verbal linguistic competence may be expected, according to DSM5 criteria. The main sleep disorders in children with neurodevelopmental disorders are represented by difficulty in falling asleep at night (51%) and nocturnal awakenings (67%).The main goal of the present study is verify the putative relationship between sleep disorders and selective mutism in children.Materials and methods: 30 children were diagnosed with SM (13 males and 17 females) with mean age 9.47 (SD +/- 129). The case-control group was composed by 30 typically developing children (TDC) (12 males and 18 females) (mean age 8.95; SD +/- 2.01; p = 0238). All the subjects of both groups were recruited within the same urban area, Caucasian and homogeneous in socio-economic level. SDSC questionnaire was used in order to assess the sleep habits in both groups.Results: The two groups (SM and TDC) were similar for age and gender. About the presence of reported sleep disorders, SM children show a significantly higher prevalence of reported sleep troubles than TDC subjects (Graph 1).Conclusion: The present pilot restrospective case control-study has shown the presence of sleep disorders in children with SM. This new comorbidity has not been previously reported in clinical literature.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2601-2607
Numero di pagine7
RivistaActa Medica Mediterranea
Volume35
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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