PBDEs affect inflammatory and oncosuppressive mechanisms via the EZH2 methyltransferase in airway epithelial cells

Alberto Giuseppe Fucarino, Giusy Daniela Albano, Angela Marina Montalbano, Gaspare Drago, Chiara Lo Nigro, Giulia Anzalone, Monica Moscato, Rosalia Gagliardo, Mirella Profita, Roberto Marchese

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review


Aims: We aimed to investigate the effect of PBDEs (47, 99, 209) on cellular events involved in epigenetic modification, inflammation, and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). Materials and methods: We studied: 1) ERK1/2 phosphorylation; 2) Enhancer of Zester Homolog 2 (EZH2); 3) Histone H3 tri-methylated in lysine 27 (H3K27me3); 4) K-RAS; 5) silencing disabled homolog 2-interacting protein gene (DAB2IP), 6) let-7a; 7) Muc5AC/Muc5B, and 8) IL-8 in a 3D in vitro model of epithelium obtained with primary Normal Human Bronchial Epithelial cells (pNHBEs) or A549 cell line, chronically exposed to PBDEs (47, 99, 209). Key findings: PBDEs (10 nM, 100 nM and 1 μM) increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and EZH2, H3K27me3, and K-RAS protein expression, while decreased DAB2IP and Let-7a transcripts in pNHBEs ALI culture. Furthermore PBDEs (47, 99) (100 nM) increased Muc5AC and Muc5B mRNA, and PBDE 47 (100 nM) IL-8 mRNA via EZH2 in pNHBEs. Finally, PBDEs (100 nM) affected EZH2, H3K27me3, K-RAS protein expression, and DAB2IP, Let-7a transcripts and cell invasion in A549 cells. Gsk343 (methyltransferase EZH2 inhibitor) (1 mM) and U0126 (inhibitor of MEK1/2) (10 μM) were used to show the specific effect of PBDEs. Significance: PBDE inhalation might promote inflammation/cancer via EZH2 methyltransferase activity and H3K27me3, k-RAS and ERk1/2 involvement, generating adverse health outcomes of the human lung.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)119827-
Numero di pagine9
RivistaLife Sciences
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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