Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review


Aim of the studyBCG maintenance for at least one year is advocated by urological guidelines as the best intravesical regimenin high-risk non muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), conservatively treated. Noteworthy, a relevantpercentage of patients does not complete the planned treatment even if toxicity accounted for less that 10%of drop outs in recent multi-institutional trials. The aim of this study was to analyze the reasons for treatmentinterruption in everyday clinical practice.Materials and methodsConsecutive patients affected by T1HG NMIBC undergoing conservative management with adjuvant BCGentered the study. The Connaught BCG strain was administered intravesically, at the dose of 81mg diluted in50 ml of saline solution, according to the South West Oncology Group schedule for one year, starting 21-30days after TUR. Toxicity and causes of treatment interruption were recorded.ResultsBetween 2000 and 2012, intravesical BCG with 1-year maintenance regimen was proposed to 411 patients.Out of them, 380 (92,5%) completed the induction cycle and 308 (81%) started the maintenance. A totalof 215 (52.3%) completed one year of treatment. Patients’ compliance decreased from 81% at 3 months to56.6% at 12 months. Toxicity requiring treatment interruption was recorded in 25 (6.1%) patients only. In60 patients (14.6%) a delay of one or more instillations was necessary. Noteworthy, grade-I toxicity, notrequiring therapy interruption or delay on urologists’ judgment, was recorded in 193 (46.9%) cases. Theretrospective nature of the study represents its major limit.DiscussionAlthough one year BCG maintenance is recommended by both European Association of Urology (EAU)and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), and indicated as the elective intravesical adjuvantregimen in intermediate- and high- risk NMIBC, conservatively treated, patients who complete the plannedschedule doesn’t exceed 50%. According to recent literature BCG-related toxicity shouldn’t representthe major limiting fact. In the present experience, the high drop-out rate from treatment could be meanlyattributable to grade-I toxicity underestimated by the urologists and to inadequate counselling.ConclusionsSevere toxicity caused BCG interruption in a limited amount of cases. Almost 60% of treatmentinterruptions could be attributable to lack of patient’s counseling and low grade toxicity.
Lingua originaleItalian
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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