Patient-specific computational evaluation of stiffness distribution in ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm

Marzio Di Giuseppe, Salvatore Pasta, Massimiliano Zingales, Solmaz Farzaneh, Stéphane Avril

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

Abstract

Quantifying local aortic stiffness properties in vivo is acknowledged as essential to assess the severity of an ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA). Recently, the LESI (local extensional stiffness identification) methodology has been established to quantify non-invasively local stiffness properties of ATAAs using electrocardiographic-gated computed tomography (ECG-gated CT) scans. The aim of the current study was to determine the most sensitive markers of local ATAA stiffness estimation with the hypothesis that direct measures of local ATAA stiffness could better detect the high-risk patients. A cohort of 30 patients (12 BAV and 18 TAV) referred for aortic size evaluation by ECG-gated CT were recruited. For each patient, the extensional stiffness Q was evaluated by the LESI methodology whilst computational flow analyses were also performed to derive hemodynamics markers such as the wall shear stress (WSS). A strong positive correlation was found between the extensional stiffness and the aortic pulse pressure (R = 0.644 and p < 0.001). Interestingly, a significant positive correlation was also found between the extensional stiffness and patients age for BAV ATAAs (R = 0.619 and p = 0.032), but not for TAV ATAAs (R = −0.117 and p = 0.645). No significant correlation was found between the extensional stiffness and WSS evaluated locally. There was no significant difference either in the extensional stiffness between BAV ATAAs and TAV ATAAs (Q = 3.6 ± 2.5 MPa.mm for BAV ATAAs vs Q = 5.3 ± 3.1 MPa.mm for TAV ATAAs, p = 0.094). Future work will focus on relating the extensional stiffness to the patient-specific rupture risk of ATAAs on larger cohorts to confirm the promising interest of the LESI methodology.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)110321-
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Biomechanics
Volume119
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

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