Patient safety culture in Italian out-ofhours primary care service: a national cross-sectional survey study

Nicola Veronese, Ellen Catharina Deilkâs, Pierpaolo Marchetti, Nicola Veronese, Stefano Celotto, Jacopo Demurtas, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik, Dag Hofoss, Alberto Vaona

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review


Background: Out-of-hours (OOH) services in Italy provide >10 million consultations every year. To the authors' knowledge, no data on patient safety culture (PSC) have been reported. Aim: To assess PSC in the Italian OOH setting. Design & setting: National cross-sectional survey using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire — Ambulatory Version (SAQ-AV). Method: The SAQ-AV was translated into Italian and distributed in a convenience sample of OOH doctors in 2015. Answers were collected anonymously by Qualtrics. Stata (version 14) was used to estimate Cronbach's alpha, perform exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, correlate items to doctors' characteristics, and to do item descriptive analysis. Results: Overall, 692 OOH doctors were contacted, with a 71% response rate. In the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), four factors were identified: Communication and Safety Climate (14 items); Perceptions of Management (eight items); Workload and Clinical Risk (six items); and Burnout Risk (four items). These four factors accounted for 68% of the total variance (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin [KMO] statistic = 0.843). Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.710-0.917. OOH doctors were often dissatisfied with their job; there is insufficient staff to provide optimal care and there is no training or supervision for new personnel and family medicine trainees. Service managers are perceived as distant, with particular issues concerning the communication between managers and OOH doctors. A large proportion of OOH doctors (56.8%) state that they do not receive adequate support. Conclusion: These findings could be useful for informing policies on how to improve PSC in Italian OOH service.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-10
Numero di pagine10
RivistaBJGP Open
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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