Charles V’s donation of Malta to the Order of St. John in 1530 also established the procedure for appointment of the bishop of the island, whose episcopal seat since the time of the Norman conquest was subject to royal patronage, and thus to the King of Sicily’s right of presentation: the Grand Master would propose to the Spanish king, through the viceroy of Sicily, a ranking of three candidates, previously approved by the Council of the Order, belonging to the rank of convent chaplain and which contained at least one Sicilian. From that time until the end of Spanish rule in Sicily (1713), 10 bishops were chosen for the Maltese episcopal see. In these nearly three centuries it is possible to identify certain phases that characterized the complex negotiations between the court and various diplomacies in Malta, Palermo, Rome and Madrid, regarding the selection and appointment of the bishop. Recurring elements of these negotiations were, on the one hand, the political patronage of the Grand Masters of the Order, seeking to obtain de facto the “delegated” right of presentation to the Maltese episcopal see by imposing their most trusted men as bishops, and on the other, the “national” rivalries within the Order, particularly between French and Spanish knights, replica of the broader international conflict between the two most powerful monarchies in Europe.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||Studi storici dedicati a Orazio Cancila|
|Numero di pagine||46|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|
Serie di pubblicazioni
|Nome||QUADERNI MEDITERRANEA RICERCHE STORICHE|
D'Avenia, F. (2011). Partiti, clientele, diplomazia: la nomina dei vescovi di Malta dalla donazione di Carlo V alla fine del viceregno spagnolo (1530-1713). In Studi storici dedicati a Orazio Cancila (pagg. 445-490). (QUADERNI MEDITERRANEA RICERCHE STORICHE).