Paracentrin 1, a synthetic antimicrobial peptide from the sea-urchin Paracentrotus lividus, interferes with staphylococcal and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation

Domenico Schillaci, Giampaolo Barone, Angelo Spinello, Debora Russo, Daniela Parrinello, Vincenzo Arizza, Maria Grazia Cusimano, Maria Vitale, Angelo Spinello, Debora Russo, Giampaolo Barone, Vincenzo Arizza

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

17 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The rise of antibiotic-resistance as well as the reduction of investments by pharmaceutical companies in the development of new antibiotics have stimulated the investigation for alternative strategies to conventional antibiotics. Many antimicrobial peptides show a high specificity for prokaryotes and a low toxicity for eukaryotic cells and, due to their mode of action the development of resistance is considered unlikely. We recently characterised an antimicrobial peptide that was called Paracentrin 1 from the 5-kDa peptide fraction from the coelomocyte cytosol of the Paracentrotus lividus. In this study, the chemically synthesised Paracentrin 1, was tested for its antimicrobial and antibiofilm properties against reference strains of Gram positive and Gram negative. The Paracentrin 1 was active against planktonic form of staphylococcal strains (reference and isolates) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 at concentrations ranging from 12.5 to 6.2 mg/ml. The Paracentrin 1 was able to inhibit biofilm formation of staphylococcal and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains at concentrations ranging from 3.1 to 0.75 mg/ml. We consider the tested peptide as a good starting molecule for novel synthetic derivatives with improved pharmaceutical potential
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine9
RivistaAMB Express
Volume4:78
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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