Pantelleria island (Strait of Sicily): volcanic history and geomorphological landscape

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Abstract

Pantelleria is a volcanic island located in the Strait of Sicily, 95 km far from the Siciliancoastline and 67 km from Cape Bon (Tunisia). The volcanological history of the islandbegins approximately 324 ka BP and the last eruptive event was a submarine eruption thatoccurred on 1891 A.D. Eruptive activity was characterized by seven very intense explosiveevents, the latest being the Green Tuff (44 ka). They have all produced ignimbrite sheetsthat covered large sectors of the island. The landscape of the island mirrors the variety ofthe eruptive styles and their interplay with volcano-tectonics. The most evidentgeomorphological features are represented by: (i) the mantle-like distribution of the GreenTuff ignimbrite; (ii) the arcuate remnants of the two large caldera collapses, and (iii) theintracalderic scoria cones, lava domes and lava fields. A very dense distribution of drywalls, built since Roman times, perfectly integrate the volcanic landscape, preventing fromerosion and rock falls.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteLandscapes and Landforms of Italy
Pagine479-487
Numero di pagine9
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2017

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeWORLD GEOMORPHOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cita questo

Rotolo, S. G., Conoscenti, C., Agnesi, V., & Lanzo, G. (2017). Pantelleria island (Strait of Sicily): volcanic history and geomorphological landscape. In Landscapes and Landforms of Italy (pagg. 479-487). (WORLD GEOMORPHOLOGICAL LANDSCAPES).