Oxygen Transfer Performances of Unbaffled Bio-Reactors with Various Aspect Ratios

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Cultivation of microorganisms, plants or animal cells requires liquid agitation in order to ensure oxygen and nutrient transfer and to maintain cell suspension. Many studies on animal cell damage due to mechanical agitation and sparging aeration have shown that mechanical damage of freely suspended animal cells is in most cases associated with bursting bubbles at the air–liquid interface (Barrett et al., 2010).Gas bubbles are usually generated by direct air sparging aimed at supplying oxygen to the culture medium. Mechanical agitation may also introduce gas bubbles in the culture medium via vortexingentrainment from the free surface.In this work oxygen transfer performance of an unbaffled stirred bioreactor, with various aspect ratios, is presented in view of its use as a biochemical reactor for animal cell growth. In practice oxygen mass transfer occurs through the (more or less deep) free surface vortex which takes place when agitation isstarted in unbaffled vessels. If this vortex is not allowed to reach impeller blades, bubble formation and subsequent bursting at the free-surface is avoided.Experimental results show that this kind of bioreactor can provide sufficient oxygen mass transfer for animal cell growth, so resulting in a viable alternative to the more common sparged reactors. The mass transfer performance observed with the different aspect ratio configurations is also presented anddiscussed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-6
Numero di pagine6
RivistaChemical Engineering Transactions
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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