Output field-quadrature measurements and squeezing in ultrastrong cavity-QED

Bernardo Spagnolo, Roberto Stassi, Luigi Garziano, Bernardo Spagnolo, Salvatore Savasta, Franco Nori

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

19 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the squeezing of output quadratures of an electro-magnetic field escaping from a resonator coupled to a general quantum system with arbitrary interaction strengths. The generalized theoretical analysis of output squeezing proposed here is valid for all the interaction regimes of cavity-quantum electrodynamics: from the weak to the strong, ultrastrong, and deep coupling regimes. For coupling rates comparable or larger then the cavity resonance frequency, the standard input–output theory for optical cavities fails to calculate the variance of output field-quadratures and predicts a non-negligible amount of output squeezing, even if the system is in its ground state. Here we show that, for arbitrary interaction strength and for general cavity-embedded quantum systems, no squeezing can be found in the output-field quadratures if the system is in its ground state. We also apply the proposed theoretical approach to study the output squeezing produced by: (i) an artificial two-level atom embedded in a coherently-excited cavity; and (ii) a cascade-type three-level system interacting with a cavity field mode. In the latter case the output squeezing arises from the virtual photons of the atom-cavity dressed states. This work extends the possibility of predicting and analyzing the results of continuous- variable optical quantum-state tomography when optical resonators interact very strongly with other quantum systems.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Numero di pagine14
RivistaNew Journal of Physics
Volume18
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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