OSSERVAZIONI COMPARATISTICHE SULLA JUDICIAL LIABILITY IN ALCUNI ORDINAMENTI EUROPEI

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Abstract

In recent years, the influence of European and international laws has led to an ever-increasingpressure against the immunization and protection from liability that the judiciary has so far enjoyed.Judges liability is therefore an expression of a fundamental and world-wide change in judicialstructures. Exemplary in this context is the jurisprudence of the ECJ, affirming that the EU principleof State liability can also be applied to judicial wrongs; furthermore, the European Commission has,in the past, promulgated the notion that the infringement procedure may also pertain to acts of thejudiciary. The connection between public international law and liability of the judiciary becomeseven more obvious when looking at the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), where anindividual application requires that all domestic remedies be first exhausted. In other words, theECHR is almost exclusively concerned with acts of the contracting State judiciary, oftenadjudicating compensation (just satisfaction) on the basis of Art. 41 ECHR.Conclusively, the question should be asked whether new and uniform liability standards are neededto ensure the consistency and predictability of a legal system. In any case, the transformation of thejudiciary53— or rather the recent changes and in general the progressive differentiation of thejudiciary tasks — represent a further opportunity to reflect upon the current legal situation.
Lingua originaleItalian
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteMODERNITA' DEL PENSIERO GIURIDICO DI G. CRISCUOLI E DIRITTO COMPARATO. Parte III
Pagine487-506
Numero di pagine20
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeCOLLANA DEL DIPARTIMENTO DI STUDI EUROPEI E DELL'INTEGRAZIONE INTERNAZIONALE. UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI PALERMO. Sezione giuridica

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