Oral amelanotic melanoma: a case report

Giuseppina Campisi, Nicoletta Termine

Risultato della ricerca: Otherpeer review

Abstract

Objectives. Primary oral melanoma is a very rare malignancy, representing about 0.5% of all melanomas, characterized by a wide clinical-histological variability and a very aggressive behavior. Aim of the present study is to describea case of oral amelanotic melanoma, an infrequent variant with a poorer prognosis than that of pigmentedmelanomas for a more aggressive biological behavior and frequent delays for the correct diagnosis and for starting the treatment.Case report. A 53-year-old white man referred at the Department Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences for a macular, scarsely pigmented lesion with irregular margins, located on anterior region of hard palate. The lesion, completely asymptomatic and without any history of trauma or injury, was observed by his dentist some months ago. The patientwas a smoker (about 20 cigarettes a day for 30 years) and his anamnesis was negative for any systemic diseases and drug assumption. Histological examination, following the incisional biopsy, showed the hyperplasia of the junctional melanocytes with occasionally dendritic appearance and light atypia; on the recommendation of pathologist, a second incisional biopsy was performed, and a definitive diagnosis of “amelanotic melanoma in situ” was confirmed. After diagnosis,the patient was referred to the unit of Head and Neck Surgery for staging and surgical approach of the lesion.Conclusions. This case report underlines the importance to perform biopsy of all lesions of the oral cavity to rule out malignancy, even when slightly colored, asymptomatic and with a clinically harmless presentation. Besides benigndiseases (e.g melanotic macules, nevi, extravasation of blood pigments, amalgam tattoos and deposition of other exogenous/endogenous pigments), rare variant of non-pigmented melanoma should be considered in order to avoid a dangerous diagnostic and therapeutic delay.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Pagine39-39
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

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