One-year atorvastatin treatment in hypercholesterolemic patients with or without carotid artery disease

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Abstract

Aim. Statins are the drugs of choice in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which has a high risk of premature cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction, stroke, and surgical revascularization. Methods. A 1-year open-label study was conducted to test the efficacy and tolerability of Atorvastatin titrated to the target, in proven FH patients and to evaluate certain inflammatory parameters. One hundred and two FH patients (44 men and 58 women; mean age 58.7±3.6 years) were included in the study. After evaluation using the B-mode duplex scanning system of extracranial carotid arteries, the patients were divided into groups: Group 1 (15 men, 25 women) with carotid plaques or intima-media thickness (IMT) greater than 0.95 mm and Group 2 (30 men, 32 women) without carotid plaques or IMT less than 0.95 mm. After a 6-week hypolipemic diet phase all the patients were treated with atorvastatin titrated to achieve a low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL. Patients with carotid lesions were also submitted to an oral fixed dose of aspirin 100 mg/day. Results. In patients without and with carotid lesions, atorvastatin treatment (mean dosage: 23.5 mg/day) reduced triglycerides by 8.7% (P<0.005) and 10.6% (P<0.005), total cholesterol by 41.5% (P<0.005) and 42.6% (P<0.005), LDL-C by 55.8% (P<0.005) and 57.3% (P<0.005) and apolipoprotein B by 38.3% (P<0.005) and 37.2% (P<0.005) respectively, and increased the mean levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by 8.7% (P<0.005) and 11% (P<0.005), and apolipoprotein A-I by 3.2% (P<0.05) and 3.3%, respectively. In both groups of patients the mean decrease (52 weeks) of fibrinogen was 19.8% (P<0.005) and 10.4% (P<0.005), respectively and of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), 36.2% (P<0.005) and 38.2% (P<0.005), respectively. No variation of the parameters of safety and clinical tolerability of the drugs administered was observed. No variation in hematocrit in the patients taking ASA treatment was observed. Conclusion. In FH patients, 1-year atorvastatin treatment titrated to the target (LDL-C <100 mg/dL) was well tolerated and improved serum lipid levels and inflammatory parameters.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)26-34
Numero di pagine9
RivistaInternational Angiology
Volume25
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cita questo

@article{08d00c34558041a2b709da0e8e3f8fc9,
title = "One-year atorvastatin treatment in hypercholesterolemic patients with or without carotid artery disease",
abstract = "Aim. Statins are the drugs of choice in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which has a high risk of premature cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction, stroke, and surgical revascularization. Methods. A 1-year open-label study was conducted to test the efficacy and tolerability of Atorvastatin titrated to the target, in proven FH patients and to evaluate certain inflammatory parameters. One hundred and two FH patients (44 men and 58 women; mean age 58.7±3.6 years) were included in the study. After evaluation using the B-mode duplex scanning system of extracranial carotid arteries, the patients were divided into groups: Group 1 (15 men, 25 women) with carotid plaques or intima-media thickness (IMT) greater than 0.95 mm and Group 2 (30 men, 32 women) without carotid plaques or IMT less than 0.95 mm. After a 6-week hypolipemic diet phase all the patients were treated with atorvastatin titrated to achieve a low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL. Patients with carotid lesions were also submitted to an oral fixed dose of aspirin 100 mg/day. Results. In patients without and with carotid lesions, atorvastatin treatment (mean dosage: 23.5 mg/day) reduced triglycerides by 8.7{\%} (P<0.005) and 10.6{\%} (P<0.005), total cholesterol by 41.5{\%} (P<0.005) and 42.6{\%} (P<0.005), LDL-C by 55.8{\%} (P<0.005) and 57.3{\%} (P<0.005) and apolipoprotein B by 38.3{\%} (P<0.005) and 37.2{\%} (P<0.005) respectively, and increased the mean levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by 8.7{\%} (P<0.005) and 11{\%} (P<0.005), and apolipoprotein A-I by 3.2{\%} (P<0.05) and 3.3{\%}, respectively. In both groups of patients the mean decrease (52 weeks) of fibrinogen was 19.8{\%} (P<0.005) and 10.4{\%} (P<0.005), respectively and of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), 36.2{\%} (P<0.005) and 38.2{\%} (P<0.005), respectively. No variation of the parameters of safety and clinical tolerability of the drugs administered was observed. No variation in hematocrit in the patients taking ASA treatment was observed. Conclusion. In FH patients, 1-year atorvastatin treatment titrated to the target (LDL-C <100 mg/dL) was well tolerated and improved serum lipid levels and inflammatory parameters.",
author = "Giuseppe Licata and Giovanni Abruzzese and Gino Avellone and Domenico Campisi and Gilia Raneli and Gino Avellone",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "26--34",
journal = "International Angiology",
issn = "0392-9590",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - One-year atorvastatin treatment in hypercholesterolemic patients with or without carotid artery disease

AU - Licata, Giuseppe

AU - Abruzzese, Giovanni

AU - Avellone, Gino

AU - Campisi, Domenico

AU - Raneli, Gilia

AU - Avellone, Gino

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Aim. Statins are the drugs of choice in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which has a high risk of premature cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction, stroke, and surgical revascularization. Methods. A 1-year open-label study was conducted to test the efficacy and tolerability of Atorvastatin titrated to the target, in proven FH patients and to evaluate certain inflammatory parameters. One hundred and two FH patients (44 men and 58 women; mean age 58.7±3.6 years) were included in the study. After evaluation using the B-mode duplex scanning system of extracranial carotid arteries, the patients were divided into groups: Group 1 (15 men, 25 women) with carotid plaques or intima-media thickness (IMT) greater than 0.95 mm and Group 2 (30 men, 32 women) without carotid plaques or IMT less than 0.95 mm. After a 6-week hypolipemic diet phase all the patients were treated with atorvastatin titrated to achieve a low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL. Patients with carotid lesions were also submitted to an oral fixed dose of aspirin 100 mg/day. Results. In patients without and with carotid lesions, atorvastatin treatment (mean dosage: 23.5 mg/day) reduced triglycerides by 8.7% (P<0.005) and 10.6% (P<0.005), total cholesterol by 41.5% (P<0.005) and 42.6% (P<0.005), LDL-C by 55.8% (P<0.005) and 57.3% (P<0.005) and apolipoprotein B by 38.3% (P<0.005) and 37.2% (P<0.005) respectively, and increased the mean levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by 8.7% (P<0.005) and 11% (P<0.005), and apolipoprotein A-I by 3.2% (P<0.05) and 3.3%, respectively. In both groups of patients the mean decrease (52 weeks) of fibrinogen was 19.8% (P<0.005) and 10.4% (P<0.005), respectively and of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), 36.2% (P<0.005) and 38.2% (P<0.005), respectively. No variation of the parameters of safety and clinical tolerability of the drugs administered was observed. No variation in hematocrit in the patients taking ASA treatment was observed. Conclusion. In FH patients, 1-year atorvastatin treatment titrated to the target (LDL-C <100 mg/dL) was well tolerated and improved serum lipid levels and inflammatory parameters.

AB - Aim. Statins are the drugs of choice in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which has a high risk of premature cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction, stroke, and surgical revascularization. Methods. A 1-year open-label study was conducted to test the efficacy and tolerability of Atorvastatin titrated to the target, in proven FH patients and to evaluate certain inflammatory parameters. One hundred and two FH patients (44 men and 58 women; mean age 58.7±3.6 years) were included in the study. After evaluation using the B-mode duplex scanning system of extracranial carotid arteries, the patients were divided into groups: Group 1 (15 men, 25 women) with carotid plaques or intima-media thickness (IMT) greater than 0.95 mm and Group 2 (30 men, 32 women) without carotid plaques or IMT less than 0.95 mm. After a 6-week hypolipemic diet phase all the patients were treated with atorvastatin titrated to achieve a low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL. Patients with carotid lesions were also submitted to an oral fixed dose of aspirin 100 mg/day. Results. In patients without and with carotid lesions, atorvastatin treatment (mean dosage: 23.5 mg/day) reduced triglycerides by 8.7% (P<0.005) and 10.6% (P<0.005), total cholesterol by 41.5% (P<0.005) and 42.6% (P<0.005), LDL-C by 55.8% (P<0.005) and 57.3% (P<0.005) and apolipoprotein B by 38.3% (P<0.005) and 37.2% (P<0.005) respectively, and increased the mean levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by 8.7% (P<0.005) and 11% (P<0.005), and apolipoprotein A-I by 3.2% (P<0.05) and 3.3%, respectively. In both groups of patients the mean decrease (52 weeks) of fibrinogen was 19.8% (P<0.005) and 10.4% (P<0.005), respectively and of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), 36.2% (P<0.005) and 38.2% (P<0.005), respectively. No variation of the parameters of safety and clinical tolerability of the drugs administered was observed. No variation in hematocrit in the patients taking ASA treatment was observed. Conclusion. In FH patients, 1-year atorvastatin treatment titrated to the target (LDL-C <100 mg/dL) was well tolerated and improved serum lipid levels and inflammatory parameters.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/24459

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 26

EP - 34

JO - International Angiology

JF - International Angiology

SN - 0392-9590

ER -