One repetition maximum bench pressperformance: A new approach for itsevaluation in inexperienced males andfemales: A pilot study

Antonio Palma, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Paoli, Davide Filingeri

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

9 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary The aim of this study was to evaluate a new method to perform the one repetitionmaximum (1RM) bench press test, by combining previously validated predictive and practicalprocedures. Eight young male and 7 females participants, with no previous experience of resistancetraining, performed a first set of repetitions to fatigue (RTF) with a workload correspondingto 1/3 of their body mass (BM) for a maximum of 25 repetitions. Following a 5-minrecovery period, a second set of RTF was performed with a workload corresponding to 1/2 ofparticipants’ BM. The number of repetitions performed in this set was then used to predictthe workload to be used for the 1RM bench press test using Mayhew’s equation. Oxygen consumption,heart rate and blood lactate were monitored before, during and after each 1RMattempt. A significant effect of gender was found on the maximum number of repetitionsachieved during the RTF set performed with 1/2 of participants’ BM (males: 25.0 6.3; females:11.0x 10.6; t Z 6.2; p < 0.001). The 1RM attempt performed with the workload predictedby Mayhew’s equation resulted in females performing 1.2 0.7 repetitions, while malesperformed 4.8 1.9 repetitions. All participants reached their 1RM performance within 3 attempts,thus resulting in a maximum of 5 sets required to successfully perform the 1RM benchpress test. We conclude that, by combining previously validated predictive equations withpractical procedures (i.e. using a fraction of participants’ BM to determine the workload for an RTF set), the new method we tested appeared safe, accurate (particularly in females) andtime-effective in the practical evaluation of 1RM performance in inexperienced individuals.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-8
Numero di pagine9
RivistaJournal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Complementary and Manual Therapy
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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