On the definition of seismic vulnerability maps in cross-border Mediterranean areas

Risultato della ricerca: Other

Abstract

The chance to locate and quantify the major risks associated to natural catastrophic events on a territory allows to plan adequate strategies and interventions by civil protection bodies involved in local and international emergencies. The seismic risk depends most of all by the vulnerability of buildings belonging to the urban areas. For this reason the definition, by a deep analysis of the territory, of instruments identifying and locating vulnerability, largely favours the activities of institutions appointed to safeguard the safety of citizens. Seismic and hydro-geological risks constitute the major component of the activities involving assistance actions carried out by civil protection bodies because of their repetitiveness and the amount of human resources needed to face the emergencies. The possible coordinate action and cooperation between different countries is fundamental importance, especially if the procedures are based on standardized rules and civil protection plans are characterized by consciousness of the territory and the associated risks. The promptness of the response is basic for the success of the operations. This feature is however not only achievable by practice exercises aimed to implement a responsiveness system to emergencies, but also through a deep understanding of the existing risks and the major exposure recognized for the urbanized contexts. The challenge for the assessment of seismic vulnerability of buildings is not easy because it involves a large amount on constructions to investigate in a reasonable time. Several researchers, based on the post processing of data coming from the observation of damaged buildings, proposed simplified relationship linking a vulnerability index with the intensity of a seismic event (Benedettini and Petrini (1984), Braga et al. (1984), Angeletti et al. (1988), Casolo et al. (1993). In other studies the interest has been addressed to the definition of fast assessment methods for the vulnerability index and the relative large scale application (Martinelli et al. (1999), Dolce et al. (2004), Dolce and Moroni (2005), Dolce and Martinelli (2005). In this summary the outputs of the activity carried out within the research project "SIMITDevelopment of an integrated cross-border Italian-Maltese civil protection network" are presented with specific reference to the assessment of the seismic vulnerability of buildings and definition of vulnerability maps in terms of vulnerability index and peak ground acceleration limit values. In agreement with the scope of the paper, the criteria adopted for the assessment of vulnerability and definition of the vulnerability maps were calibrated to provide reliable predictions for typically small urban contexts, which are largely widespread in Mediterranean area. The representative test site selected for the activities was the city centre of the island of Lampedusa. The choice was particularly suitable for the prefixed purposes because of the opportunity to operate on a large quantity of buildings concentrated in a small area with and characterized by a repetitiveness of the constructive typology. The final gaol was to develop a standard procedure for the assessment of seismic vulnerability of small urban contexts widespread in the Mediterranean. The specific research activity carried out on the island has been divided in 4 phases, characterized by a progressive level of depth of the analysis, listed below: • Historical, critical, and typological analysis of the urban centre and typical buildings; • Simplified assessment of seismic vulnerability
Lingua originaleEnglish
Pagine221-228
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2015

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