Oligodendroglioma cells synthesize the differentiation-specific linker histone H1˚ and release it into the extracellular environment through shed vesicles

Risultato della ricerca: Article

21 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromatin remodelling can be involved in some of the epigenetic modifications found in tumor cells. One of the mechanisms at the basis of chromatin dynamics is likely to be synthesis and incorporation of replacement histone variants, such as the H1˚ linker histone. Regulation of the expression of this protein can thus be critical in tumorigenesis. In developing brain, H1˚ expression is mainly regulated at the post-transcriptional level and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are involved. In the past, attention mainly focused on the whole brain or isolated neurons and little information is available on H1˚ expression in other brain cells. Even less is known relating to tumor glial cells. In this study we report that, like in maturing brain and isolated neurons, H1˚ synthesis sharply increases in differentiating astrocytes growing in a serum-free medium, while the corresponding mRNA decreases. Unexpectedly, in tumor glial cells both H1˚ RNA and protein are highly expressed, in spite of the fact that H1˚ is considered a differentiation-specific histone variant. Persistence of H1˚ mRNA in oligodendroglioma cells is accompanied by high levels of H1˚ RNA-binding activities which seem to be present, at least in part, also in actively proliferating, but not in differentiating, astrocytes. Finally, we report that oligodendroglioma cells, but not astrocytes, release H1˚ protein into the culture medium by shedding extracellular vesicles. These findings suggest that deregulation of H1˚ histone expression can be linked to tumorigenesis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1771-1776
Numero di pagine6
RivistaInternational Journal of Oncology
Volume43
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Oligodendroglioma
Histones
Cell Differentiation
Astrocytes
Brain
Glioma
Carcinogenesis
RNA
Neurons
Messenger RNA
Proteins
Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
RNA-Binding Proteins
Serum-Free Culture Media
Epigenomics
Chromatin
Culture Media
Neoplasms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cita questo

@article{3b45278667b245a5a6a9069bcd3f0f8e,
title = "Oligodendroglioma cells synthesize the differentiation-specific linker histone H1˚ and release it into the extracellular environment through shed vesicles",
abstract = "Chromatin remodelling can be involved in some of the epigenetic modifications found in tumor cells. One of the mechanisms at the basis of chromatin dynamics is likely to be synthesis and incorporation of replacement histone variants, such as the H1˚ linker histone. Regulation of the expression of this protein can thus be critical in tumorigenesis. In developing brain, H1˚ expression is mainly regulated at the post-transcriptional level and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are involved. In the past, attention mainly focused on the whole brain or isolated neurons and little information is available on H1˚ expression in other brain cells. Even less is known relating to tumor glial cells. In this study we report that, like in maturing brain and isolated neurons, H1˚ synthesis sharply increases in differentiating astrocytes growing in a serum-free medium, while the corresponding mRNA decreases. Unexpectedly, in tumor glial cells both H1˚ RNA and protein are highly expressed, in spite of the fact that H1˚ is considered a differentiation-specific histone variant. Persistence of H1˚ mRNA in oligodendroglioma cells is accompanied by high levels of H1˚ RNA-binding activities which seem to be present, at least in part, also in actively proliferating, but not in differentiating, astrocytes. Finally, we report that oligodendroglioma cells, but not astrocytes, release H1˚ protein into the culture medium by shedding extracellular vesicles. These findings suggest that deregulation of H1˚ histone expression can be linked to tumorigenesis.",
author = "Giovanni Savettieri and Patrizia Proia and Patrizia Saladino and {Di Liegro}, {Carlo Maria} and {Di Liegro}, Italia and Gabriella Schiera",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "1771--1776",
journal = "International Journal of Oncology",
issn = "1019-6439",
publisher = "Spandidos Publications",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oligodendroglioma cells synthesize the differentiation-specific linker histone H1˚ and release it into the extracellular environment through shed vesicles

AU - Savettieri, Giovanni

AU - Proia, Patrizia

AU - Saladino, Patrizia

AU - Di Liegro, Carlo Maria

AU - Di Liegro, Italia

AU - Schiera, Gabriella

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Chromatin remodelling can be involved in some of the epigenetic modifications found in tumor cells. One of the mechanisms at the basis of chromatin dynamics is likely to be synthesis and incorporation of replacement histone variants, such as the H1˚ linker histone. Regulation of the expression of this protein can thus be critical in tumorigenesis. In developing brain, H1˚ expression is mainly regulated at the post-transcriptional level and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are involved. In the past, attention mainly focused on the whole brain or isolated neurons and little information is available on H1˚ expression in other brain cells. Even less is known relating to tumor glial cells. In this study we report that, like in maturing brain and isolated neurons, H1˚ synthesis sharply increases in differentiating astrocytes growing in a serum-free medium, while the corresponding mRNA decreases. Unexpectedly, in tumor glial cells both H1˚ RNA and protein are highly expressed, in spite of the fact that H1˚ is considered a differentiation-specific histone variant. Persistence of H1˚ mRNA in oligodendroglioma cells is accompanied by high levels of H1˚ RNA-binding activities which seem to be present, at least in part, also in actively proliferating, but not in differentiating, astrocytes. Finally, we report that oligodendroglioma cells, but not astrocytes, release H1˚ protein into the culture medium by shedding extracellular vesicles. These findings suggest that deregulation of H1˚ histone expression can be linked to tumorigenesis.

AB - Chromatin remodelling can be involved in some of the epigenetic modifications found in tumor cells. One of the mechanisms at the basis of chromatin dynamics is likely to be synthesis and incorporation of replacement histone variants, such as the H1˚ linker histone. Regulation of the expression of this protein can thus be critical in tumorigenesis. In developing brain, H1˚ expression is mainly regulated at the post-transcriptional level and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are involved. In the past, attention mainly focused on the whole brain or isolated neurons and little information is available on H1˚ expression in other brain cells. Even less is known relating to tumor glial cells. In this study we report that, like in maturing brain and isolated neurons, H1˚ synthesis sharply increases in differentiating astrocytes growing in a serum-free medium, while the corresponding mRNA decreases. Unexpectedly, in tumor glial cells both H1˚ RNA and protein are highly expressed, in spite of the fact that H1˚ is considered a differentiation-specific histone variant. Persistence of H1˚ mRNA in oligodendroglioma cells is accompanied by high levels of H1˚ RNA-binding activities which seem to be present, at least in part, also in actively proliferating, but not in differentiating, astrocytes. Finally, we report that oligodendroglioma cells, but not astrocytes, release H1˚ protein into the culture medium by shedding extracellular vesicles. These findings suggest that deregulation of H1˚ histone expression can be linked to tumorigenesis.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/88503

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 1771

EP - 1776

JO - International Journal of Oncology

JF - International Journal of Oncology

SN - 1019-6439

ER -