NUTRITION, MALNUTRITION AND DIETARY INTERVENTIONS IN INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE

Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte, Mario Cottone, Alida Abruzzo, Emanuele Sinagra, Giovanni Tomasello, Francesco Cappello, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Mario Cottone, Dario Raimondo, Emanuele Sinagra, Francesca Rossi, Dario Raimondo, Tiziana Facella, Dario Raimondo, Tiziana Facella, Valeria Criscuoli

Risultato della ricerca: Articlepeer review

11 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which includes both Crohn's disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC), is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disorder affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Diet, as a source of luminal antigens, is thought to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of IBD. often the nutritional status of patients is significantly compromised, particularly in CD. several factors, including drug-nutrient interactions, disease location, symptoms, and dietary restriction can lead to protein energy malnutrition and specific nutritional deficiencies. solid evidence regarding the accountability of certain dietary components in the etiology of IBD are lacking. With regard to malnutrition, its consequence are growth failure, weight loss, bone disease, and/or micronutrient deficiencies, although micronutrient deficiency in IBD in most cases does not tend to have any evident clinical manifestation, except with regardo of iron, folic acid, and vitamin B. Nutritional supplemantation is essential for patients with evidence of malnutrition to increase calorie, and protein intake. Nutritional supplementation can also have efficacy in the induction and maintenance of remission in adults with CD, however it does not replace other treatments. Aim of this review is to discuss the role of nutrition and nutrients' deficiencies in the clinical setting of IBD, and to analyze efficacy and safety of the dietary interventions in patients with IBD.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)79-89
Numero di pagine11
RivistaProgress in Nutrition
Volume16
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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