Nuovi dati sulla catacomba di Sabratha (Libia)

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The research was conducted in collaboration with Giuseppina Cipriano for the archaeological essay, and with Francesco Scirè for the topographical and direct survey, in the framework of the PRIN 2008 Project entitled: "Pagans and Christians in Sabratha and Leptis Magna between the III and VI centuries AD. Monuments and finds, tradition and images", coordinated by Rosa Maria Carra. The catacomb of Sabratha is one of the few examples of Christian community cemeteries so far known in Roman Africa.The entrance, along the route of the minor decuman coming from the Episcopal complex of Regio III, is located a few meters from the current coastline, halfway between the suburban temple of Isis and the Amphitheater and near one of the stone quarries used in the second century for public and private building in the Theater district.Discovered in 1942, the monument was the subject of a first investigation in 1974 by Aldo Nestori who, at the end of a long work of clearing the galleries of recent fillings, published a first report in the journal Lybia Antiqua, accompanying the brief references to the aspects topographical, to funerary typologies and to the rich epigraphic apparatus with a measured sketch of the cemetery, and proposing a chronological period of attendance included between the end of the III and the entire V century.Thirty-six years later, field research was resumed during two missions carried out in Sabratha inJune and October 2, 2011 with the aim of creating an instrumental and direct survey of Galleries A and B useful for positioning the catacomb in the context of an archaeological GIS planned for the Regiones III-V of the Theater District. The structural analysis of the two galleries, the filing of the funerary typologies, the reconnaissance of the epigraphic documentation, accompanied by a robust iconographic apparatus, allowed a valuable update of the data, from which the correct planning of the spaces emerges in relation to the funerary types and the moments of frequentation. The research group of the University of Palermo presents here the results achieved (even if partial due to the war conflict that upset Libya in 2011), not only for the amount of data still unpublished on this important testimony of the Christianization of the Regio Tripolitana, but above all in compliance with the multi-year collaboration between the Department of Antiquities of Sabratha and the Archaeological Mission of the University of Palermo, directed by Prof. Nicola Bonacasa.
Lingua originaleItalian
Numero di pagine11
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2016

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