Here we summarize some relevant results related to nonequilibrium phenomena in mesoscopic and quantum systems. A common phenomenon in the dynamics of out-of-equilibrium systems is the metastability, and the problem of the lifetime of metastable states involves fundamental aspects of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. Metastability (see Fig. 1) is a signature of a first order phase transition, often characterized by a long-living metastable state. In particular, the stability of a metastable state can be enhanced by Gaussian and non-Gaussian noise sources. This counterintuitive effect has been found in different physical areas, ranging from spintronics, aggregation kinetics of Brownian particles, Josephson junction systems, to interdisciplinary physical models.
|Titolo della pubblicazione ospite||Proceedings of the 24th Scientific Conference on Radiophysics, for the 75th anniversary of the Radiophysical Faculty|
|Numero di pagine||4|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2020|