Nonequilibrium of Ionization and the Detection of Hot Plasma in Nanoflare-heated Coronal Loops

Fabio Reale, Salvatore Orlando

Risultato della ricerca: Article

60 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Impulsive nanoflares are expected to transiently heat the plasma confined in coronal loops to temperatures of the order of 10 MK. Such hot plasma is hardly detected in quiet and active regions, outside flares. During rapid and short heat pulses in rarefied loops, the plasma can be highly out of equilibrium in ionization. Here we investigate the effects of the nonequilibrium of ionization (NEI) on the detection of hot plasma in coronal loops. Time-dependent loop hydrodynamic simulations are specifically devoted to this task, including saturated thermal conduction, and coupled to the detailed solution of the equations of the ionization rate for several abundant elements. In our simulations, initially cool and rarefied magnetic flux tubes are heated to 10 MK by nanoflares deposited either at the footpoints or at the loop apex. We test for different pulse durations and find that, due to NEI effects, the loop plasma may never be detected at temperatures above ~5 MK for heat pulses shorter than about 1 minute. We discuss some implications in the framework of multistranded nanoflare-heated coronal loops.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)715-724
Numero di pagine10
RivistaTHE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Volume684
Stato di pubblicazionePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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