An investigation was undertaken to determine whether specific pol mutations hinder long-term immune recovery regardless of virological response. In total, 826 patients with >50 HIV RNA copies/ml, who underwent genotypic resistance testing between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2003 after >3 years of antiretroviral treatment, and were followed up for >3 years after genotypic resistance testing, were analyzed retrospectively. The outcome of the study was the lack of immune recovery after >3 years of follow-up, defined as a slope by linear regression <0. The viremia detectability ratio was defined as the number of HIV RNA values of >50 copies/ml divided by the number of HIV RNA measurements during follow-up. Logistic regression was used for univariable and multivariable analysis. Median (Q1, Q3) values at baseline were the following: age 40 (37, 45) years, years on antiretroviral therapy 4.45 (3.65, 5.47), HIV RNA 3.91 (3.39, 4.53) log 10 copies/ml, CD4+ T-cell 358 (211, 524)/μl. After 3.13 years of follow-up, 375 patients (45.4%) showed a lack of immune recovery. The risk of lack of immune recovery increased independently with increasing baseline CD4+ counts (OR=1.104 per 50-cell increase, 95% CI=1.069-1.142, P<0.0001), increasing viremia detectability ratio during follow-up (OR=1.145 per 0.1-unit increase, 95% CI=1.093-1.202, P<0.0001), and with earlier calendar years of resistance testing (overall effect: P=0.0007). In conclusion, no pol mutation is associated independently with the lack of immune recovery. J. Med. Virol. 83:391-398, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Numero di pagine||8|
|Rivista||Journal of Medical Virology|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2011|