The aim of this study was to investigate, in mouse duodenum, the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the relaxation of longitudinal muscle evoked by nerve activation and the coupled action mechanism. Electrical field stimulation (EFS; 0.5ms, 10-s train duration, supramaximal voltage, at various frequencies) under nonadrenergic noncholinergic conditions evoked muscular relaxation occasionally followed, at the higher stimulus frequencies, by rebound contractions. Inhibition of the synthesis of NO by Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 100μM) virtually abolished the evoked relaxation. The relaxation was reduced also by apamin (0.1μM) and by 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ; 1μM), a guanylyl cyclase inhibitor. The coadministration of apamin and ODQ produced additive effects on the responses to EFS. Sodium nitroprusside (0.1-100μM) produced a concentration-dependent reduction of the phasic spontaneous activity and at the highest dose used suppressed phasic activity and induced muscular relaxation. These effects were tetrodotoxin and L-NAME resistant and were antagonized both by apamin and by ODQ. 8-Bromoguanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (0.1-100μM) reduced in a concentration-dependent manner the spontaneous mechanical activity and at 100μM suppressed the phasic activity and induced muscular relaxation, not antagonized by apamin. This study indicates that NO is the primary transmitter released by inhibitory nerves supplying the longitudinal muscle of mouse duodenum and that guanylate cyclase stimulation and opening of Ca2+-dependent K+ channels are independent mechanisms working in parallel to mediate NO action. © 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Published - 2003|
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